The 39-acre Dixie Caverns County Landfill site is located in Salem, Virginia. Roanoke County operated the unlicensed municipal landfill from 1965 until its closure in 1976. During operation, the landfill accepted municipal and industrial wastes. Site activities contaminated soil and sediment with hazardous chemicals. Following cleanup, operation and maintenance activities are ongoing. EPA took the site off the Superfund program�s National Priorities List (NPL) in 2001.