Jump to main content.


Local Navigation


Record of Decision System (RODS)

DRAKE CHEMICAL

Abstract

Site Name:  DRAKE CHEMICAL
Address:  180 MYRTLE ST 
City & State:  LOCK HAVEN  PA  17745
County:  CLINTON
 
EPA ID:  PAD003058047
EPA Region:  03
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R03-88/058
ROD Date:  09/29/1988
Operable Unit(s):  03
 
Media:  GROUNDWATER SEDIMENTS SOIL SURFACE WATER
 
Contaminant:  METALS, ARSENIC, CHROMIUM, LEAD, ORGANICS, PAHS, PHENOLS, VOCS, BENZENE, TCE, TOLUENE
 
Abstract:  THE DRAKE CHEMICAL SITE (DCS) IS A 12.5-ACRE INACTIVE CHEMICAL MANUFACTURING FACILITY LOCATED IN LOCK HAVEN, CLINTON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA. THE AREA SURROUNDING THE SITE INCLUDES AMERICAN COLOR AND CHEMICAL COMPANY TO THE WEST, HAMMERMILL PAPER COMPANY TO THE SOUTHWEST, BALD EAGLE CREEK TO THE SOUTH, THE WEST BRANCH OF THE SUSQUEHANNA RIVER TO THE NORTH, AND AN APARTMENT COMPLEX AND A SHOPPING CENTER TO THE EAST. BALD EAGLE CREEK AND THE SUSQUEHANNA RIVER ARE WETLAND AREAS AND ARE USED FOR RECREATION AND FISHING. LOCK HAVEN RESIDENTS DO NOT USE GROUND WATER FOR DRINKING PURPOSES. THE FACILITY OPERATED BETWEEN 1951 AND 1982 MANUFACTURING CHEMICAL INTERMEDIATES USED IN PRODUCING DYES, COSMETICS, TEXTILES, PHARMACEUTICALS, AND PESTICIDES. THE DCS FACILITY INCLUDES TWO SYNTHETIC-LINED WASTEWATER TREATMENT LAGOONS, AN UNLINED LEACHATE LAGOON, AND A DRY UNLINED SLUDGE LAGOON. THE WATER AND SEDIMENTS WITHIN THE TWO LINED IMPOUNDMENTS ARE HIGHLY CONTAMINATED WITH SITE-RELATED ORGANIC AND INORGANIC CONTAMINANTS. THE SITE SURFACE IS COVERED WITH DEBRIS, CHEMICAL SLUDGE, AND CONTAMINATED SOIL. APPROXIMATELY 252,000 YDS OF SOIL, SLUDGES AND SEDIMENTS ARE CONTAMINATED. THE DRAKE CHEMICAL COMPANY WAS CITED SEVERAL TIMES BY STATE AND FEDERAL AGENCIES FOR VIOLATING ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH AND SAFETY REGULATIONS. IN 1982, EPA BEGAN AN EMERGENCY REMOVAL ACTION IN WHICH SURFACE DRUMS, SURFACE SLUDGES, AND LIQUIDS CONTAINED IN PROCESS AND STORAGE TANKS WERE REMOVED AND DISPOSED OF, AND THE SITE WAS FENCED. A ROD SIGNED IN 1982 ADDRESSED THE LEACHATE STREAM THAT RAN OFFSITE TOWARDS BALD EAGLE CREEK, AND REMEDIATION WAS COMPLETED IN 1987. A SUBSEQUENT ROD SIGNED IN MAY 1986 REQUIRED DEMOLITION OF ONSITE CONTAMINATED BUILDINGS AND TANKS AND DISPOSAL IN AN OFFSITE LANDFILL. THIS WORK CURRENTLY IS BEING UNDERTAKEN. THE FOCUS OF THE REMEDIAL ACTION ADDRESSED IN THIS ROD IS REMEDIATION OF THE CONTAMINATED SOIL, SLUDGES, AND GROUND WATER AT THE SITE. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE GROUND WATER, SURFACE WATER, SOIL, AND SEDIMENTS ARE VOCS INCLUDING BENZENE, TOLUENE, TCE, AND XYLENES, OTHER ORGANICS INCLUDING FENAC, PHENOLS, AND PAHS, AND METALS INCLUDING LEAD, CHROMIUM, AND ARSENIC.


THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES: EXCAVATION OF APPROXIMATELY 252,000 YDS OF CONTAMINATED SLUDGE, SOIL, AND SEDIMENTS, FOLLOWED BY TREATMENT IN AN ONSITE MOBILE ROTARY KILN INCINERATOR, BACKFILLING (POSSIBLY USING THE INCINERATOR ASH AS BACKFILL MATERIAL), AND INSTALLATION OF A VEGETATIVE COVER; DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN ONSITE WASTEWATER BIOLOGICAL ACTIVATED CARBON TREATMENT PLANT WITH PUMP AND TREATMENT OF THE SURFACE WATER, GROUND WATER, STORM WATER, AND AQUEOUS WASTES FROM THE LEACHATE LAGOON AT THE TREATMENT PLANT, FOLLOWED BY DISCHARGE TO A LOCAL STREAM OR POTW; AND GROUND WATER MONITORING. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $97,363,000 WITH AN AVERAGE ANNUAL O&M OF $787,000.
 
Remedy:  THE PURPOSE OF THIS ALTERNATIVE IS TO EXCAVATE THE CONTAMINATED SOILS, SLUDGES, AND LEACHATE LAGOON SEDIMENTS AT THE SITE AND DECONTAMINATE THIS MATERIAL USING A TRANSPORTABLE, ONSITE INCINERATOR. THE FOLLOWING TASKS WILL BE PERFORMED AS PART OF THIS REMEDIAL ACTION.
- INSTALL NECESSARY FLOOD CONTROL MEASURES
- REMOVE AQUEOUS WASTES FROM LEACHATE LAGOON AREA AND TREAT
- INSTALL PERMANENT STORMWATER MANAGEMENT CONTROLS IN THE LEACHATE LAGOON AREA AND OTHER AREAS TO BE EXCAVATED
- EXCAVATE APPROXIMATELY 252,000 CUBIC YARDS OF CONTAMINATED SLUDGE/SOILS/SEDIMENTS AND DECONTAMINATE USING A TRANSPORTABLE, ONSITE, ROTARY KILN INCINERATOR ( THE THERMAL TREATMENT UNIT MUST COMPLY WITH INCINERATION PERMIT REQUIREMENTS INCLUDING AIR EMISSIONS AND MONITORING.)
- ANALYZE INCINERATOR ASH AND USE AS BACKFILL IF ACCEPTABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH STATE REQUIREMENTS (FURTHER TREATMENT OF ASH UNSUITABLE FOR BACKFILL MAY BE NECESSARY FOR ONSITE DISPOSAL.)
- REMOVE UNNECESSARY OBSTACLES, SUCH AS WATER AND SEWAGE LINES FROM THE FACILITIES AND MAINTAIN LOCAL LINES THAT ARE PRESENTLY IN USE
- BACKFILL EXCAVATED AREAS WITH SUITABLE MATERIAL, REGRADE TO PROVIDE POSITIVE DRAINAGE, AND REVEGETATE THE TOPSOIL TO CONTROL EROSION
- COLLECT AND TREAT ALL CONTAMINATED WATER THAT ENTERS THE SITE (E.G., GROUNDWATER, STORMWATER, AND DECONTAMINATED WATER) AT THE GROUNDWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM

IN ADDITION TO DECONTAMINATION OF THE SLUDGE/SOILS/SEDIMENTS THIS REMEDIAL ACTION WILL INCLUDE PUMPING AND TREATING THE CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER AT THE SITE TO AN ACCEPTABLE LEVEL FOR DISCHARGE. THE FOLLOWING TASKS WILL BE IMPLEMENTED AS PART OF THIS REMEDIAL ACTION.
- INSTALL NECESSARY FLOOD CONTROL MEASURES
- DESIGN AND CONSTRUCT AN ONSITE WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
- INSTALL EXTRACTION WELLS IN THE AREAS OF GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION WITHIN THE PROPERTY BOUNDARIES OF THE FORMER DRAKE CHEMICAL FACILITIES AND IN THE PROPERTIES ADJACENT TO THE FACILITY IN THE SOUTH AND EAST DIRECTIONS
- PUMP GROUNDWATER TO THE TREATMENT SYSTEM
- TREAT BY USING BIOLOGICAL ACTIVATED CARBON (BAC)
- DISCHARGE EFFLUENT TO BALD EAGLE CREEK EITHER THROUGH THE UNDERGROUND CONDUIT CONSTRUCTED FOR THE PHASE I LEACHATE STREAM OR THROUGH THE LOCK HAVEN SEWAGE TREATMENT FACILITY (THE WATER TREATMENT UNIT MUST COMPLY WITH PERMIT REQUIREMENTS FOR DISCHARGE OF TREATED WATER)
- ANALYZE RESIDUALS (E.G., SLUDGECAKE) AND USE AS BACKFILL IF ACCEPTABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH STATE REQUIREMENTS (FURTHER TREATMENT MAY BE NECESSARY FOR ONSITE DISPOSAL.)

THE SELECTED REMEDY IS PROTECTIVE OF HUMAN HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT, ATTAINS FEDERAL AND STATE REQUIREMENTS THAT ARE APPLICABLE OR RELEVANT AND APPROPRIATE FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION, AND IS COST EFFECTIVE. THIS REMEDY SATISFIES THE STATUTORY PREFERENCE FOR REMEDIES THAT EMPLOY TREATMENT THAT REDUCES TOXICITY, MOBILITY, OR VOLUME AS A PRINCIPAL ELEMENT AND UTILIZES PERMANENT SOLUTIONS AND ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PRACTICABLE.
 
Text:  View full-text ROD [ 72K ]
To download a full-text ROD, right click on the above link and select Save Link As. A full-text ROD is in PDF format. Please note that download time may be extended given the size of the full-text document. File size is noted in kilobytes (K) or megabytes (M) next to the download link.
About Adobe Portable Document Format
 
Return to Search Results    Return to RODS List

OSWER Home | Superfund Home


Jump to main content.