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Record of Decision System (RODS)

BELL LANDFILL

Abstract

Site Name:  BELL LANDFILL
Address:  TWP RTE 393 
City & State:  TERRY TOWNSHIP  PA  18853
County:  BRADFORD
 
EPA ID:  PAD980705107
EPA Region:  03
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R03-94/184
ROD Date:  09/30/1994
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  groundwater, soil
 
Contaminant:  Municipal, non-hazardous, industrial, residential wastes and industrial waste treatment sludge
 
Abstract:  Please note that the text in this document summarizes the Record of Decision for the purposes of facilitating searching and retrieving key text on the ROD. It is not the officially approved abstract drafted by EPA Regional offices. Once EPA Headquarters receives the official abstract, this text will be replaced.

The 33-acre Bell Landfill Superfund site is located in Terry Township, nine miles southeast of the town of Towanda, in Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Land use in the area surrounding the site is primarily agricultural and residential. The area is sparsely populated. The site is surrounded by a seven-and-a-half foot high woven chain-link fence. Two fill areas are covered with tall grass, and are flanked from the north by sparsely vegetated borrow areas. A small pond is located at the southeast corner of the site. Three small emergent wetlands are located within the site boundaries. One is located at the monitoring pond located south of the lined area. The other two are located within depressions north of the fill areas that appear to be an old borrow area. There is a small forested wetland on the southeastern corner of the site that resulted from a seep near the unlined landfill leachate pit. There are approximately 99 residents within a one-mile radius of the site. Currently, the site is not in operation.

In 1967, Terry Township leased the site property from Wayne and Water Gowin and began to dispose of household garbage at the site. The township operated the open dump for municipal trash disposal until 1969, at which time the township was unable to meet the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources (PADER) regulatory requirements. In August 1973, Herbert Bell leased the site from the Gowin's and began operating a dump. On March 14, 1975, Mr. Bell purchased 33 acres of the Gowin property, including the 10 acres previously leased from the Gowin's in August, 1973. Mr. Bell began disposing waste on a 3 acre portion of the site. This area was operated as an unpermitted landfill from 1973 to 1975. Waste disposal continued in this area until 1978 when PADER issued an order to cease operations in the unlined fill area. Also in 1978, Mr. Bell obtained PADER's approval to construct a lined landfill cell. As part of the permit for the lined area, he was required to close the unlined fill area and install a leachate collection system. The lined fill area was constructed and operated until August, 1981. The landfill was permitted and used for the disposal of municipal waste as well as non-hazardous, industrial, residual waste. In addition, the landfill was approved and used for the disposal of industrial waste-water treatment plant sludge. In August 1981, PADER issued closure and post closure procedures due to improper landfill operation and numerous permit violations for improper cover material and inadequate maintenance of the leachate collection tanks. No known waste disposal has occurred subsequent to closing the lined landfill in 1981.

In 1984, EPA and PADER began a Preliminary Assessment/Site Investigation. On February 1991, EPA and three settling companies-E. I. DuPont deNemours and Company, GTE-Sylvania Corporation, and Masonite-entered into an Administrative Order by Consent to conduct a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study. To streamline the RI/FS, EPA divided the site into two Operable Units (OUs); however, due to activities occurring ahead of schedule, the two OUs were re-combined into one OU. The remedial investigation field work began in September 1992. EPA approved the report and completed the site-specific Human Health Risk Assessment and the Ecological Risk Assessment. The Feasibility Study was submitted on July 7, 1994.

This ROD addresses OU-1 which evaluates the remediation of the fill areas, leachate system, groundwater, and leachate-contaminated soils. The evaluation considers the general response actions collectively for all media. The technologies determined to be most applicable were further developed into remedial alternatives for the site.

The remedy status for the media addressed in this ROD are as follows: Groundwater 1 is Final Action. The media volume associated with this site is not documented. The remedy status for Liquid Waste is not documented. The media associated with this site has a volume of 119,200 Sq. Miles. Soil 1 is Final Action. The media volume associated with this site is not documented. The remedy status for Surface Water is not documented. The media volume associated with this site is not documented. The state concurs with the selected remedy.
 
Remedy:  The selected remedial action for the site includes installing a PADER municipal landfill cap on two disposal areas; reconstructing a leachate collection system; removing and disposing visibly stained soils from areas directly impacted from leachate; installing a passive landfill gas emissions collection system; monitoring ground-water to confirm that natural attenuation of groundwater is occurring; and other actions, such as fencing, access and deed restrictions, surface water monitoring, and revegetation. The overall Present Worth costs are $ 3,130,000. The annual O&M costs are $190,550 (Year 1 to 1). The annual O&M costs are $129,550 (Year 2 to 2). The annual O&M costs are $61,550 (Year 3 to 5). The annual O&M costs are $34,325 (Year 6 to 30).
 
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