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Record of Decision System (RODS)

BROWN'S BATTERY BREAKING

Abstract

Site Name:  BROWN'S BATTERY BREAKING
Address:  446 FISHER DAM RD 
City & State:  HAMBURG  PA  19526
County:  BERKS
 
EPA ID:  PAD980831812
EPA Region:  03
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R03-90/094
ROD Date:  09/28/1990
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  SOIL SEDIMENT GROUNDWATER
 
Contaminant:  LEAD, METALS
 
Abstract:  THE 14-ACRE BROWN'S BATTERY BREAKING SITE IS AN INACTIVE LEAD-ACID BATTERY PROCESSING FACILITY IN TILDEN TOWNSHIP, BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA. THE AREA SURROUNDING THE SITE IS PRIMARILY AGRICULTURAL WITH SCATTERED RURAL RESIDENCES. THE SITE IS BORDERED BY CONRAIL TRACKS, MILL CREEK, AND THE SCHUYKILL RIVER. THE SITE LIES WITHIN THE 100-YEAR FLOODPLAIN OF THE SCHUYLKILL RIVER. FROM 1961 TO 1971, THE FACILITY RECOVERED LEAD-BEARING MATERIALS FROM AUTOMOBILES AND TRUCK BATTERIES BY BREAKING THE BATTERY CASINGS, DRAINING THE ACID, AND RECOVERING THE LEAD ALLOY GRIDS, PLATES, AND PLUGS. DURING THIS TIME, THE CRUSHED CASINGS WERE USED AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR ROAD GRAVEL OR DISPOSED OF ONSITE. THE STATE CONDUCTED ONSITE AND OFFSITE INVESTIGATIONS DURING THE 1980S THAT IDENTIFIED LEAD CONCENTRATIONS IN EXCESS OF ACCEPTABLE LIMITS IN RESIDENTS, LIVESTOCK, SOIL, AND SURFACE WATERS. A 1983 EPA INVESTIGATION REVEALED EXTENSIVE LEAD CONTAMINATION IN ONSITE SOIL AND SEDIMENT LOCATED IN THE SCHUYLKILL RIVER. AS A RESULT OF THE INVESTIGATION, EPA INITIATED AN IMMEDIATE REMOVAL REQUEST TO RELOCATE THREE FAMILIES AND TO EXCAVATE AND CONSOLIDATE 13,000 CUBIC YARDS OF CONTAMINATED SOIL AND BATTERY CASINGS INTO AN ONSITE CONTAINMENT AREA, THAT WAS COVERED WITH A LOW PERMEABILITY CAP. A SECOND REMOVAL, INITIATED IN 1990, CONSISTED OF TEMPORARILY RELOCATING ALL ONSITE RESIDENTS. THE CLEANUP STRATEGY FOR THE SITE CONSISTS OF THREE OPERABLE UNITS: SITE ACCESS; REMEDIATION OF ONSITE SOIL AND BATTERY CASINGS; AND GROUND WATER REMEDIATION. THIS RECORD OF DECISION ADDRESSES SITE ACCESS; SUBSEQUENT ACTIONS WILL ADDRESS SOIL AND GROUND WATER REMEDIATION. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANT OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE SOIL, SEDIMENT, GROUND WATER, AND SURFACE WATER IS LEAD.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES PERMANENTLY RELOCATING ALL ONSITE RESIDENTS AND BUSINESSES TO COMPATIBLE OFFSITE LOCATIONS; DECONTAMINATING PERSONAL BELONGINGS, AS APPROPRIATE; AND IMPLEMENTING SITE ACCESS RESTRICTIONS INCLUDING FENCING AND INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS INCLUDING DEED RESTRICTIONS. THE PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $342,900. THERE ARE NO O&M COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS REMEDIAL ACTION.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS; THERE ARE NO CHEMICAL-SPECIFIC ARARS FOR THIS OPERABLE UNIT. THE INITIAL REMEDY WILL ELIMINATE HUMAN CONTACT WITH THE SOIL AND SEDIMENT. SITE USE AND ACCESS RESTRICTIONS WILL REDUCE THE POTENTIAL FOR TRANSPORT OF CONTAMINANTS OFFSITE.
 
Remedy:  THE SELECTED REMEDY FOR OPERABLE UNIT I, PERMANENT RELOCATION, WILL ELIMINATE HUMAN CONTACT WITH CONTAMINATED SOIL, CONTAMINATED GROUND WATER, AND LEAD-BEARING DUST PARTICLES. THE OVERALL SITE CLEANUP STRATEGY CONSISTS OF TWO ADDITIONAL OPERABLE UNITS; OPERABLE UNIT II WHICH WILL ADDRESS CONTAMINATED SOILS AND BATTERY CASINGS, AND OPERABLE UNIT III WHICH WILL ADDRESS THE CONTAMINATED GROUND WATER. REMEDIAL ACTION UNDER OPERABLE UNIT I IS CONSISTENT WITH THE FUTURE REMEDIAL ACTIVITIES.

THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDE;

* PERMANENT RELOCATION OF ALL ONSITE RESIDENCES AND THE ONSITE BUSINESS
* DECONTAMINATION OF PERSONAL BELONGINGS AS APPROPRIATE
* CONSTRUCTION OF A SIX-FOOT FENCE TOPPED WITH BARBED WIRE AROUND THE PERIMETER OF THE SITE
* DEED RESTRICTIONS TO PREVENT FUTURE RESIDENTIAL AND INDUSTRIAL USE OF THE SITE.
 
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