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Record of Decision System (RODS)



City & State:  TOBYHANNA  PA  184665086
County:  MONROE
EPA ID:  PA5213820892
EPA Region:  03
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/541/R-00/018
ROD Date:  09/19/2000
Operable Unit(s):  04
Abstract:  Tobyhanna Army Depot (TYAD) was initially established as Camp Summerall when the government purchased 33 square miles of land in northeastern Pennsylvania in 1909. In 1913, the area was used by the Army and National Guard for machine gun and field artillery training, and later was renamed Tobyhanna Military Reservation. The reservation became an ambulance and tank regiment training center and an ordnance storage depot during World War I (WW I).

The installation was deactivated after WWI and remained inactive until 1932. From 1932 to 1938, the area was used as a camp by the Civilian Conservation Corps. From 1938 to 1941, the area was used by cadets from West Point for field artillery training.

In 1942, the installation was reactivated as an Army/Air Force Service Unit Training Center. The area was also converted to a storage and supply area for glides and other equipment of the Air Service Command in 1944. The installation was deactivated after World War II (WWII).

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania purchased the Tobyhanna site from the War Assets Administration in 1949. The Department of Forests and Waters and the Pennsylvania State Game Commission maintained the property from 1949 to 1951. During January 1951, 2.2 square miles was obtained by the Signal Corps for depot construction. Depot construction was performed by a civilian contractor; this contractor used the southeastern corner of TYAD as a base of operations and an equipment staging area. The balance of the tract remained as state-owned land with the federal government exercising recovery rights. In the following years, up to and including the present, much of this tract has
been designated as state game lands and parks.

Tobyhanna Signal Depot was established as a Class II installation during February 1953, with an assigned supply mission. In August 1962, the depot was redesignated as TOAD. In 1994, the call letters for Tobyhanna Army Depot were changed from "TOAD" to "TYAD" and transferred to the U.S. /Army Material Command. Since 1962, TYAD has assumed a variety of missions ranging from the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) household goods movement and storage to maintaining the Army's central file of motion pictures and distribution of audio-visual materials.

Currently, TYAD is a communication s-electronics (C-E) maintenance and supply depot assigned to the U.S. Army Industrial Operations Command. The primary mission is logistics support for C-E equipment throughout the Army. TYAD is the largest C-E overhaul facility in the Army and is responsible for overhauling, rebuilding, repairing, converting, inspecting, testing, and assembling items including Tactical Fire Direction Systems and Satellite Communication Systems. Since its activation, TYAD has been a Government-Owned/Government-Operated installation. No industrial leases have existed at TYAD.

The initial stage of the TYAD Installation Program (IRP), the Discovery Phase, consisted of an Initial installation Assessment (IIA) (records search), which was conducted in 1979 and published in January 1980. Based on the results of this assessment and active efforts by TYAD personnel to address several of the problem areas, the US Army Environmental Center (USAEC) concluded that additional investigative efforts were not warranted. Subsequently, USAEC determined that some of the original record searches conducted nationwide during the late 1970s and early 1980s should be reevaluated due to changes in the environmental laws. TYAD was included in this relook program. During October 1986, a reevaluation of TYAD was conducted; the final report became available in February 1988 (ESE, 1988b).
Remedy:  Alternative #2, Institutional Controls, is the selected remedy for Area of Contamination (AOC) #55. This alternative includes maintenance of the physical controls, increased security patrols, proprietary controls (if necessary), public education, and periodic review. Alternative #2 involves actions that do not include removal of Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) from AOC #55, but lower the risk to Tobyhanna Army Depot (TYAD) personnel or visitors and the public by reducing the chance of UXO exposures or accidents.

Physical Controls: In September 2000, TYAD completed construction of a barbed-wire fence around AOC #55 to prevent or deter access to the UXO area. In addition, warning signs were installed at regular intervals around the perimeter and at access points such as roads. Gates were installed across depot roads to prevent unauthorized, inadvertent access by TYAD personnel or visitors; and the keys to the access gates will be controlled by depot Security personnel. Maintenance of the fencing and signs will be required.

Security Patrols/Monitoring: As part of the institutional controls, existing security patrols would be increased to minimize trespassing in TYAD property and AOC #55. Vehicle patrols will traverse the perimeter patrol roads on a regular basis. Trespassers will be fined, and the TYAD Environmental Management Division (EMD) will keep a record of the number of trespassers. In addition, patrols will be increased during times when the area is expected to have increased pedestrian use.

UXO Support: UXO support will be obtained from Army Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) trained personnel if furtive intrusive activities occur within AOC #55, and the activities either exceed the depth of previous clearance actions, are in an area that was not cleared to the frost lone or are in an area that was not cleared because of the presence of pavement, buildings, or other structures. UXO support would not be required when modifying, servicing, removing, or otherwise accessing existing underground utilities or other structures that were installed after artillery training ceased at TYAD, as long as intrusive activities do not expand beyond the limits of the original excavation. This requirement will be incorporated into the base Master Plan. EMD will review all plans for use of the area.

Public/Employee Education: TYAD personnel and visitors with business in the vicinity of AOC #55 will be informed of the potential for UXO in the area. Information to be conveyed would include: a disclosure that the site was used for military training including the use of live ordnance, and that UXO may remain; at the potential hazards associated with UXO; where UXO is likely to be found; what types of activities may be especially hazardous in the area; how to recognize potential UXO; what to do and what is discovered. Education may include display boards at roads leading into the AOC #55 area and/or posting on display boards in TYAD office spaces, public areas. And at the main gate where visitors sign in. Display boards at roads leading into the AOC #55 area and/or posting on display boards in TYAD office spaces, public areas. And at the main gate where visitors sign in. Display boards are not required at points where the general public may approach AOC #55, such as along the boundary with Tobyhanna state Park. The intent of warning signs and patrols would be to keep the public out, and display boards are not typically used toconvey information only when access is encouraged or required.

Proprietary Controls: Deed restrictions will be placed on the land if it is ever transferred outside the Government.

Periodic Reviews: The purpose of periodic reviews is to ensure that this remedial action remains effective in protecting the public. Periodic reviews would be performed, at a minimum, at five-year intervals in accordance with CERCLA until it can be determined that reviews are no longer necessary.
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