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Record of Decision System (RODS)

C & R BATTERY CO., INC.

Abstract

Site Name:  C & R BATTERY CO., INC.
Address:  1320 BELLWOOD RD 
City & State:  CHESTERFIELD COUNTY  VA  23237
County:  CHESTERFIELD
 
EPA ID:  VAD049957913
EPA Region:  03
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R03-90/085
ROD Date:  03/30/1990
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  SOIL SEDIMENT DEBRIS SURFACE WATER
 
Contaminant:  METALS, LEAD, ARSENIC
 
Abstract:  THE 11-ACRE C & R BATTERY SITE IS A FORMER BATTERY-SAWING AND SHREDDING FACILITY IN CHESTERFIELD COUNTY, VIRGINIA. OPEN FIELDS AND WOODS BORDER THE SITE ON THE NORTH, SOUTH, AND WEST, A SMALL FUEL OIL DISTRIBUTOR BORDERS THE SITE ON THE EAST, AND THE JAMES RIVER IS APPROXIMATELY 650 FEET NORTH OF THE SITE. FROM THE EARLY 1970S TO 1985 THE FACILITY WAS USED TO RECYCLE DISCARDED BATTERIES. SITE OPERATIONS INCLUDED DRAINING BATTERY ACIDS INTO ONSITE PONDS, RECOVERING AND STOCKPILING LEAD AND LEAD COMPOUNDS FROM THE BATTERIES, AND SHREDDING AND STOCKPILING BATTERY CASINGS ONSITE. THE STATE BEGAN MONITORING THE SITE IN THE LATE 1970S AND DETECTED ELEVATED LEAD LEVELS IN THE SOIL, SURFACE WATER, AND GROUND WATER. AN OSHA INSPECTION REVEALED INDOOR AIR LEVELS OF LEAD TO BE MORE THAN TWICE THE OSHA STANDARDS OF 50 UG/M3. ALSO, FACILITY EMPLOYEES WERE FOUND TO HAVE ELEVATED LEAD LEVELS IN THEIR BLOOD. IN RESPONSE TO PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERNS, EPA CONDUCTED A REMOVAL ACTION IN 1986, WHICH INCLUDED EXTRACTING ACIDIC LIQUID FROM ONSITE LAGOONS AND RAISING THE PH LEVEL OF THE LIQUID BEFORE DISCHARGING THE NEUTRALIZED LIQUID INTO ONSITE DITCHES. LAGOON SLUDGE WAS NEUTRALIZED AND RETURNED TO THE LAGOON, AND SURFACE SOIL WAS ALSO NEUTRALIZED. IN ADDITION, SHREDDED BATTERY CASINGS, SOIL, AND DEBRIS, FOUND EAST OF THE DRAINAGE DITCH, WERE CONSOLIDATED INTO TWO DEBRIS PILES AND REMAIN ONSITE. THIS REMEDIAL ACTION ADDRESSES THE FORMER ACID POND AREA, THE DEBRIS PILES, AND A DRAINAGE DITCH. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE SOIL, SEDIMENT, DEBRIS, AND SURFACE WATER ARE METALS INCLUDING LEAD AND ARSENIC.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES THE DEMOLITION OF A CONCRETE PAD AND DISMANTLEMENT OF A STORAGE SHED FOLLOWED BY OFFSITE DISPOSAL OF THE DEBRIS, AND OFFSITE TREATMENT, IF NECESSARY, OF SURFACE WATER FROM THE DRAINAGE DITCH PRIOR TO THE EXCAVATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL AND SEDIMENT; EXCAVATION AND STABILIZATION OF APPROXIMATELY 36,800 CUBIC YARDS OF CONTAMINATED SOIL, SEDIMENT, AND DEBRIS PILES FOLLOWED BY OFFSITE DISPOSAL IN A PERMITTED LANDFILL; BACKFILLING OF ALL EXCAVATED AREAS; SOIL COVER OVER ALL AREAS WITH LEAD CONTAMINATION ABOVE BACKGROUND; HYBRID CLOSURE (SOIL COVER) FOR RESIDUAL CONTAMINATION OF LEAD-CONTAMINATED SOIL OUTSIDE THE ACID POND AREA; CLEAN CLOSURE OF THE ACID POND AREA; OFFSITE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL OF 350 BATTERIES; GROUND AND SURFACE WATER MONITORING; AND IMPLEMENTATION OF INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS INCLUDING SITE USE RESTRICTIONS. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $15,572,000 WHICH INCLUDES AN ANNUAL O&M COST OF $14,550.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS: SOIL WILL BE EXCAVATED IF THE SOIL CONTAMINANTS EXCEED ESTABLISHED ACTION LEVELS, WHICH ARE BASED ON A (10-6) RISK LEVEL AND INCLUDE LEAD 1,000 MG/KG AND ARSENIC 10 MG/KG. ACCIDENTAL INGESTION ROUTE OF EXPOSURE WILL BE ELIMINATED. SEDIMENT WILL BE EXCAVATED IF SEDIMENT CONTAMINANTS EXCEED ACTION LEVELS, WHICH WERE DERIVED FROM A PUGET SOUND ESTUARY PROGRAM STUDY AND INCLUDE LEAD 450 MG/KG AND ARSENIC 57 MG/KG. BY REMEDIATING THE SOIL AND SEDIMENT TO THESE LEVELS, EXPOSURE VIA INHALATION OF SUSPENDED PARTICULATES SHOULD ALSO BE ACCEPTABLE. THE SOIL ACTION LEVELS WILL REMOVE THE THREAT OF GROUND WATER CONTAMINATION.
 
Remedy:  EPA HAS SELECTED, AND THE COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA HAS CONCURRED ON THE SELECTION OF THE FOLLOWING REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THE C&R BATTERY SITE. THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION ARE AS FOLLOWS:

SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION: ALTERNATIVE 4(A)

* EXCAVATION OF SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE SOILS CONTAINING LEAD ABOVE THE 1,000 MG/KG ACTION LEVEL (APPROXIMATELY 36,800 CUBIC YARDS).
* EXCAVATION OF DRAINAGE DITCH SEDIMENTS CONTAINING LEAD ABOVE THE 450 MG/KG ACTION LEVEL.
* STABILIZATION OF THE EXCAVATED 36,800 CUBIC YARDS OF SOIL, SEDIMENTS, AND DEBRIS PILES USING A CEMENT/POZZOLAN-BASED OR OTHER SIMILAR STABILIZATION PROCESS THAT PROVIDES EQUIVALENT PROTECTION.
* DISPOSAL OF THE STABILIZED MATERIAL IN AN APPROVED INDUSTRIAL OR SANITARY LANDFILL.
* CLEAN CLOSURE OF THE FORMER ACID POND AREA, ACCORDING TO RCRA CLOSURE REQUIREMENTS.
* BACKFILLING OF ALL EXCAVATED AREAS WITH SOIL AND PLACEMENT OF A LAYER OF TOPSOIL (APPROXIMATELY 6 INCHES) FOLLOWED BY REVEGETATION OVER ALL AREAS HAVING LEAD LEVELS ABOVE 120 MG/KG (BACKGROUND).
* REMOVAL, TREATMENT, AND DISPOSAL OF THE ONSITE NICKEL/CADMIUM BATTERIES IN AN APPROVED RCRA FACILITY.
* IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PLAN TO ENSURE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE REMEDIAL ACTION AND TO BE PROTECTIVE OF THE ENVIRONMENT, PARTICULARLY THE ENVIRONMENTAL RECEPTORS IN THE JAMES RIVER.
* REMOVAL AND OFFSITE TREATMENT OF ANY CONTAMINATED SURFACE WATER IN THE DRAINAGE DITCH.
* DISMANTLEMENT AND REMOVAL OF STORAGE SHED AND REMOVAL OF DISCARDED TIRES FOR OFFSITE DISPOSAL AT AN APPROVED LANDFILL.
* NO REMEDIAL ACTION FOR GROUNDWATER IS NECESSARY, HOWEVER, MONITORING WILL CONTINUE AT THE SITE AT LEAST UNTIL THE FIRST 5-YEAR REVIEW OF THE SITE REQUIRED UNDER SECTION 121(C) OF CERCLA, 42 USC SECTION 9621 (C), IS COMPLETED.
* APPROPRIATE SITE USE RESTRICTIONS WILL BE PLACED FOR FUTURE USE SCENARIOS TO ENSURE PROTECTION OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT.
 
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