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Record of Decision System (RODS)

BUCKINGHAM COUNTY LANDFILL

Abstract

Site Name:  BUCKINGHAM COUNTY LANDFILL
Address:  ST RTE 640 W OF US RTE 15 
City & State:  BUCKINGHAM  VA  23936
County:  BUCKINGHAM
 
EPA ID:  VAD089027973
EPA Region:  03
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R03-94/185
ROD Date:  09/30/1994
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  ground water, soil
 
Contaminant:  Industrial furniture-making waste
 
Abstract:  Please note that the text in this document summarizes the Record of Decision for the purposes of facilitating searching and retrieving key text on the ROD. It is not the officially approved abstract drafted by EPA Regional offices. Once EPA Headquarters receives the official abstract, this text will be replaced.

The 125-acre Buckingham County Landfill (8-acres used for disposal) site is located in Buckingham County, Virginia. The surrounding area is rural and forested. The site is drained by the Warner Branch of Cooper Creek to the south and by Cooper Creek to the north. A ditch drains the immediate vicinity of the landfill and discharges into an unnamed tributary of Warner Branch. Wetlands located on the site are upgradient and not affected by the site.

From 1962 to 1982, the site was owned and operated by Joseph Love. Initially the site was used for disposal of municipal solid waste. The solid waste landfill was covered and closed in 1979 under the supervision of the Virginia State Board of Health (VSBH) however, the commercial waste disposal operations continued. In 1977, the sanitary landfill permit was modified to allow for disposal of 50 gallons per week of industrial furniture-making waste. In 1979, the VSBH approved an increase in the quantity of "special" waste to 30,000 to 40,000 gallons per month. In general, operations in the hazardous waste area involved the receipt of drummed liquid wastes, which were emptied into the evaporation trench. In April 1982, the county purchased the site and contracted Schnabel Engineering Associates to close the site. Dumping into the trench ceased in 1983. A number of EPA site inspections were conducted between January 1983 and April 1989. On January 31, 1991, several potentially responsible parties and EPA entered into an Administrative Order on Consent to conduct a RI/FS at the site. Field work for the RI was conducted March through July 1992. The RI was accepted on March 24, 1993. The FS was accepted on May 3, 1993.

This ROD addresses all media impacted by the contamination at the site including: contaminated trench materials, contaminated soils, and contaminated ground water. This response action, includes contingencies and a potential for subsequent actions regarding remediation of the barrel trench.

The remedy status for the media addressed in this ROD are as follows: Debris 1 is Final Action. The media volume associated with this site is not documented. Groundwater 1 is Final Action. The media volume associated with this site is not documented. Soil 1 is Final Action. The media volume associated with this site is not documented. The state concurs with the selected remedy.
 
Remedy:  The selected remedial action for this site will allow for two options: 1) Monitoring the ground water and capping the hazardous waste disposal area and area south of the barrel trench with a RCRA Subtitle C multi-layer cap. If any analytical results from the monitoring samples exceed an MCL or health-based contaminant level, or if ground water monitoring detects migration of the plume, removing portions of the cap and implementing source control measures, such as in-situ soil vapor extraction and/or excavation and off-site incineration; replacing the cap, extracting ground water and treating it using air stripping; discharging treated ground water to surface water body adjacent to the site. 2) Monitoring the ground water and implementing source control measures, and capping. If ground-water monitoring detects migration of the plume, treating the ground water as prescribed above. Both options includes: placing deed restrictions on the property and on ground-water use. The overall Present Worth costs are $4,340,200 to $10,711,400. The total O&M costs are $2,815,000 to $4,715,000 and the O&M duration is 30 Years.
 
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