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Record of Decision System (RODS)

RHINEHART TIRE FIRE DUMP

Abstract

Site Name:  RHINEHART TIRE FIRE DUMP
Address:  MT FALLS 
City & State:  FREDERICK COUNTY  VA  22601
County:  FREDERICK
 
EPA ID:  VAD980831796
EPA Region:  03
 
NPL Status:  Deleted from the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R03-88/850
ROD Date:  06/30/1988
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  GROUNDWATER SURFACE WATER SOIL
 
Contaminant:  METALS, ARSENIC, LEAD
 
Abstract:  THE RHINEHART TIRE FIRE (RTF) SITE IS LOCATED IN A SPARSELY POPULATED RURAL AREA IN WESTERN FREDERICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA, APPROXIMATELY SIX MILES EAST OF THE TOWN OF WINCHESTER. BETWEEN 1972 AND 1983, THE SITE OWNER, MR. RHINEHART, CONDUCTED A TIRE DISPOSAL OPERATION WHICH CONSISTED OF TRANSPORTING DISCARDED TIRES FROM VARIOUS LOCATIONS AND STORING THEM ON A WOODED SLOPE BEHIND HIS HOME. BY OCTOBER 1983, AN ESTIMATED FIVE TO SEVEN MILLION TIRES HAD ACCUMULATED, AND ON OCTOBER 31, 1983, CAUGHT FIRE. A HOT OIL PRODUCED FROM MELTING AND PYROLYSIS OF THE TIRES SEEPED FROM THE PILE OF TIRES INTO MASSEY RUN. AN UNDETERMINED QUANTITY OF OIL FLOWED INTO HOQUE CREEK, WHICH IS A TRIBUTARY TO THE POTOMAC RIVER SYSTEM. EPA'S EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM (ERT) INSTALLED A CATCH BASIN TO TRAP THE OIL; HOWEVER, BECAUSE THE HIGH RATE OF OIL AND WATER SEEPAGE THREATENED TO EXCEED THE CATCH BASIN STORAGE CAPACITY, A LINED 50,000-GALLON POND WAS CONSTRUCTED IMMEDIATELY DOWNSLOPE FROM THE BURN AREA. APPROXIMATELY 800,000 GALLONS OF OIL PRODUCT WAS COLLECTED, REMOVED FROM THE SITE, AND RECYCLED INTO FUEL OILS. SOON AFTER THE FIRE, DIVERSION STRUCTURES WERE BUILT BY THE OWNER OF THE SITE UNDER A CONSENT ORDER AGREEMENT WITH EPA. EPA, THROUGH THE ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS, CONDUCTED A REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION (RI) TO CHARACTERIZE AND DEFINE THE EXTENT OF POSSIBLE CONTAMINANTS. THE RI INDICATED THAT THE ASH-CONTAMINATED AREA CONTINUES TO MIX WITH BOTH THE SOLID RESIDUE AND THE LIQUID SEEPAGE BY MEANS OF PRECIPITATION. THIS REMEDIAL ACTION WILL ADDRESS THE CONTROL OF CONTAMINATED MIGRATION OFF-SITE VIA SURFACE WATER RUNOFF. A SUBSEQUENT REMEDIAL ACTION WILL ADDRESS SOURCE CONTROL AT THE SITE. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE GROUND WATER, SOIL, AND SURFACE WATER ARE METALS INCLUDING ARSENIC AND LEAD.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES; COLLECTION OF SURFACE WATER RUNOFF WITH GRAVITY SETTLING; COLLECTION OF SHALLOW GROUND WATER OILY SEEPS, OIL-WATER SEPARATION, AND TRANSPORT OF WATER TO A POTW; CONSTRUCTION OF BERMS TO INCREASE FREEBOARD ON TWO EXISTING ON-SITE PONDS; AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SOIL EROSION CONTROLS. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $1,332,340 WITH O&M COSTS OF $145,000.
 
Remedy:  THIS REMEDY IS THE FIRST OPERABLE UNIT FOR THIS SITE, AND ADDRESSES THE CONTROL OF CONTAMINANT MIGRATION OFF-SITE VIA SURFACE WATER. THE FUNCTION OF THIS OPERABLE UNIT IS TO DIVERT AND CONTAIN SURFACE RUNOFF AT THE SITE AND TO ELIMINATE SEEPS OF OILY WASTE. A FUTURE OPERABLE UNIT WILL ADDRESS SOURCE CONTROL AT THE SITE.

THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY ARE;

- SOIL EROSION CONTROLS PLUS HYDROSEEDING;
- INCREASED FREEBOARD OR TWO EXISTING ON-SITE PONDS;
- COLLECTION OF SURFACE WATER RUNOFF PLUS GRAVITY SETTLING;
- COLLECTION OF SHALLOW GROUND WATER OILY SEEPS; WITH
A) OIL-WATER SEPARATION, AND
B) TRANSPORT OF WATER TO POTW
 
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