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Record of Decision System (RODS)



Address:  W 19TH ST 
City & State:  NITRO  WV  25143
County:  PUTNAM
EPA ID:  WVD047989207
EPA Region:  03
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R03-92/140
ROD Date:  03/31/1992
Operable Unit(s):  03
Media:  Debris
Contaminant:  VOCs, Other Organics, Metals, Inorganics, Acids
Abstract:  SITE HISTORY/DESCRIPTION: The 11.9-acre Fike Chemical site is a former chemical manufacturing plant and associated wastewater treatment facility located in Nitro, West Virginia. Land use in the area ispredominantly industrial, with the Kanawha River located approximately one- half mile from the site. The estimated 2,500 people who reside within 1 mile of the site obtain drinking water from a treatment plant located 15 miles upstream, which uses the Elk River as a source of water. The facility is situated on the site of a World War I munitions plant. In 1951, the original chemical plant was constructed and began operating. From 1978 to 1988, Fike Chemical manufactured more than 60 chemicals at the site and disposed of drummed and containerized wastes in pits and trenches located throughout the facility until the facility was abandoned in mid-1988. There areno known records regarding the contents of the drums and containers or details of their disposal at the site. As a result of previous state and federal environmental enforcement actions, EPA conducted numerous investigations that revealed VOCs, other organics, metals, and other inorganics in buried drums and containers. Previous RODs addressed the removal of bulk chemicals stored in surface drums and tanks as well as the dismantling, decontamination, and disposal of tanks, equipment, and structures located onsite. This interim remedy ROD addresses the removal of buried drums and containers as OU3 to eliminate future or continued contamination of soil, ground water, surface water, and the atmosphere. Future actions will address continued investigation and possible remediation of soil, ground water, surface water and the existing sewer system. The primary contaminants of concern in the buried waste pits are VOCs, including PCE; other organics, including dioxins, pesticides, and phenols; metals; acids; and inorganics. PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS: Although this interim action does not provide for chemical-specific clean-up standards, it does provide for the removal of source contamination in accordance with state and federal requirements. Performance standards will be established in future OUs addressing site media contamination. INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS: Not applicable.
Remedy:  SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION: The selected remedial action for this site includes excavating between 7,000 and 17,000 buried drums and containers; using a self-supported portable structure to enclose active excavation areas and to minimize organic vapor and dust emissions and treating air emissions using an air filter and vapor phase carbon adsorption, with offsite disposal or incineration of the spent carbon and filters; sampling, testing, repackaging, and shipping of drummed waste offsite; using offsite incineration or other equivalent treatment technologies to treat drums containing solids and liquids; decontaminating empty drums onsite prior to offsite disposal of treatment liquids and metals; stabilizing/neutralizingacidic wastes prior to offsite incineration; onsite storage of dioxin- contaminated drummed wastes and dioxin-contaminated soil and sludge identified during excavation for future treatment; treating cylinders onsite using a cylinder recovery vessel, or repackaging for offsite disposal; backfilling excavated areas; employing storm water management or erosion controls to divert surface water from the site; monitoring air; and treating any ground water collected during the excavation at the cooperative sewage treatment plant. The estimated present worth cost for this remedial action is $16,059,000. There are no O&M costs associated with this remedial action.
Text:  View full-text ROD [ 60K ]
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