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Record of Decision System (RODS)

PUBLICKER INDUSTRIES INC.

Abstract

Site Name:  PUBLICKER INDUSTRIES INC.
Address:  3223 S DELAWARE AVENUE 
City & State:  PHILADELPHIA  PA  19148
County:  PHILADELPHIA
 
EPA ID:  PAD981939200
EPA Region:  03
 
NPL Status:  Deleted from the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R03-91/114
ROD Date:  06/28/1991
Operable Unit(s):  02
 
Media:  DEBRIS
 
Contaminant:  ASBESTOS
 
Abstract:  THE 37-ACRE PUBLICKER/CUYAHOGA WRECKING PLANT SITE IS A FORMER LIQUOR AND INDUSTRIAL ALCOHOL DISTILLERY IN PHILADELPHIA, PHILADELPHIA COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA. SURROUNDING LAND USE IS PRIMARILY INDUSTRIAL, WITH 400,000 PEOPLE LIVING WITHIN A 1-MILE RADIUS OF THE SITE. FROM 1912 UNTIL 1986 WHEN THE PLANT CLOSED, ALCOHOL DISTILLING OPERATIONS WERE CONDUCTED ONSITE. FROM THE 1970S TO 1980S, THE SITE WAS ALSO USED AS A PETROLEUM AND CHEMICAL STORAGE FACILITY, WHICH UTILIZED 440 LARGE ABOVE-GROUND TANKS, STORED CHEMICALS, CHEMICAL LABORATORIES, REACTION VESSELS, PRODUCTION BUILDINGS, WAREHOUSES, A POWER PLANT, AND SEVERAL HUNDRED MILES OF ABOVE-GROUND PROCESS LINES, MANY OF WHICH WERE WRAPPED WITH ASBESTOS INSULATION. IN 1987 A CO2 UTILIZATION AREA WAS DESTROYED IN AN ONSITE FIRE, WHICH WAS ACCOMPANIED BY NUMEROUS EXPLOSIONS. SUBSEQUENT ONSITE INSPECTIONS BY EPA AND THE STATE IDENTIFIED LEAKING TANKS, PITS, AND PROCESS LINES CONTAINING FUEL OIL, AND SHOCK-SENSITIVE EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS, AND 7,000 GALLONS OF REACTIVE AND FLAMMABLE MATERIALS IN FERMENTATION TANKS AND GRAIN DRYERS. IN 1987, EPA STABILIZED THE SITE BY BULKING FLAMMABLE AND EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS ONSITE FOR FUTURE DISPOSAL, DISPOSING OF HIGHLY REACTIVE LABORATORY WASTES AND CYLINDERS OFFSITE, CRUSHING 3,100 EMPTY DRUMS, WRAPPING OVERHEAD ASBESTOS-COVERED PROCESS LINES WITH PLASTIC, AND BAGGING AND STORING LOOSE ASBESTOS MATERIALS ONSITE. A 1989 RECORD OF DECISION (ROD) ADDRESSED OPERABLE UNIT 1 (OU1) AND PROVIDED FOR OFFSITE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE STREAMS AND CHEMICALS RECOVERED FROM WITHIN THE PROCESS LINES, DEMOLITION OF THE ABOVE-GROUND PROCESS LINES, AND PACKAGING AND ONSITE STORAGE OF ASBESTOS AND OTHER INSULATION MATERIALS. THIS ROD ADDRESSES A PORTION OF OU2, SPECIFICALLY THE BULKED ASBESTOS STORED ONSITE, ANY REMAINING ASBESTOS MATERIAL ATTACHED TO OVERHEAD EXTERIOR PIPELINES, AND A PILE OF ASBESTOS DEBRIS NEAR A LOADING PIER. A SUBSEQUENT ROD WILL ADDRESS ONSITE SOIL AND GROUND WATER CONTAMINATION. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANT OF CONCERN PRESENT AS DEBRIS IS ASBESTOS, AN INORGANIC.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES REMOVING APPROXIMATELY 150 CUBIC YARDS OF ASBESTOS FROM OVERHEAD EXTRACTION PIPES AND PLACING THIS MATERIAL IN PLASTIC BAGS; STAGING THIS MATERIAL, ALONG WITH 6 CUBIC YARDS OF ASBESTOS FROM NEAR A LOADING PIER AND 1,100 CUBIC YARDS OF BAGGED ASBESTOS FROM PREVIOUS REMOVAL AND REMEDIAL ACTIONS; AND DISPOSING OF THE STAGED ASBESTOS OFFSITE. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $293,420. THERE ARE NO O&M COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS REMEDIAL ACTION.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS; ALL BULKED AND REMAINING LOOSE ASBESTOS MATERIAL WILL BE REMOVED FROM THE SITE. NO SPECIFIC CLEANUP STANDARD FOR ASBESTOS WAS PROVIDED.
 
Remedy:  THIS EARLY FINAL REMEDIAL ACTION, WHICH IS THE SECOND OPERABLE UNIT (OU-2) FOR THE SITE, ADDRESSES A PRINCIPAL THREAT AT THE SITE BY REMOVING BULKED ASBESTOS AND OTHER ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIAL TO AN OFFSITE DISPOSAL FACILITY.

A REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION/FEASIBILITY STUDY (RI/FS) IS CURRENTLY UNDER WAY FOR THE SOIL AND GROUND WATER. WHEN THE RI/FS IS COMPLETED ANOTHER DECISION WILL BE MADE FOR THE SOIL AND GROUND WATER OPERABLE UNIT. THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING MAJOR COMPONENTS;
* REMOVAL OF REMAINING ASBESTOS FROM PIPING STAGED THROUGHOUT THE SITE; PLACEMENT IN SECURE PACKAGING (PLASTIC BAGS); AND STAGING AND PREPARATION FOR TRANSPORT AND DISPOSAL * COLLECTION OF ALL ASBESTOS WASTE PREVIOUSLY PACKAGED AND STAGED AT THE SITE; REPACKAGING IT IF NECESSARY; AND PREPARATION FOR TRANSPORT AND DISPOSAL
* TRANSPORTATION OF ALL ASBESTOS WASTES TO A PERMITTED OFFSITE DISPOSAL FACILITY (LANDFILL).
 
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