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Record of Decision System (RODS)

A.L. TAYLOR (VALLEY OF DRUMS)

Abstract

Site Name:  A.L. TAYLOR (VALLEY OF DRUMS)
Address:  ST HWY 1020 
City & State:  BROOKS  KY  40165
County:  BULLITT
 
EPA ID:  KYD980500961
EPA Region:  04
 
NPL Status:  Deleted from the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R04-86/009
ROD Date:  06/18/1986
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  Groundwater, Sediments, Surface Water
 
Contaminant:  HEAVY METALS, INORGANICS, ORGANICS, PAHS, PCBS, PCE, TOLUENE, VINYL CHLORIDE, VOCS, XYLENE
 
Abstract:  THE A. L. TAYLOR SITE, ALSO KNOWN AS "VALLEY OF THE DRUMS", IS LOCATED IN A SMALL VALLEY IN NORTHERN BULLETT COUNTY OUTSIDE OF BROOKS, KENTUCKY. THIS SITE WAS FIRST IDENTIFIED AS A WASTE DISPOSAL SITE BY THE KENTUCKY DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (KDNREP) IN 1967. THE OWNER, MR. TAYLOR, EXCAVATED PITS ON SITE AND EMPTIED THE CONTENTS OF THE DRUMS INTO THEM AND RECYCLED THE DRUMS. SOIL FROM NEARBY HILLSIDES WAS EVENTUALLY USED TO COVER THE PITS. THOUSANDS OF DRUMS WERE ALSO STORED ON THE SURFACE. MR. TAYLOR NEVER APPLIED FOR THE REQUIRED STATE PERMITS THROUGHOUT THIS HISTORY OF SITE OPERATIONS FROM 1967 TO 1977. THE KDNREP FIRST DOCUMENTED RELEASES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES IN 1975. THEY PURSUED LEGAL ACTIONS AGAINST MR. TAYLOR UNTIL HIS DEATH IN LATE 1977. IN JANUARY 1979 THE EPA RESPONDED TO RELEASES OF OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AT THE SITE. IN 1980 THE KDNREP CONTACTED SIX RESPONSIBLE PARTIES WHO IDENTIFIED AND REMOVED APPROXIMATELY 30% OF THE WASTE REMAINING ON THE SURFACE OF THE SITE. IN 1981 THE EPA, UPON INSPECTION, DISCOVERED DETERIORATING AND LEAKING DRUMS AND DISCHARGES OF POLLUTANTS INTO THE NEARBY CREEK. EPA CONDUCTED A REMOVAL ACTION TO UPGRADE THE EXISTING TREATMENT SYSTEM AND REMOVE THE REMAINING 4,200 DRUMS OF SURFACE WASTE OFFSITE FOR RECYCLING OR DISPOSURE. THERE REMAINS AN UNKNOWN AMOUNT OF WASTE BURIED ONSITE. THE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES DETECTED AT THIS SITE INCLUDE APPROXIMATELY 140 COMPOUNDS OF THE FOLLOWING CLASSES; HEAVY METALS, KETONES, PHTHALATES, POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS, PCBS, CHLORINATED ALKANES AND ALKANES, AROMATICS, CHLORINATED AROMATICS, AND POLYNUCLEAR AROMATICS (PAHS).

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES; REMOVAL OF POND WATER; SECURING POND SEDIMENTS, SLUDGE AND MATERIALS FROM LOW-LYING AREAS BENEATH THE CAP; INSTALLING A FINAL CAP COVER FOR CONTAINMENT OF THE WASTE MATERIALS; CONSTRUCTING A SURFACE WATER DRAINAGE DIVERSION TO RE-ROUTE SURFACE WATER; IMPLEMENTING A PERFORMANCE MONITORING PROGRAM TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OR THE CLAY CAP TO MITIGATE SURFACE CHEMICAL MIGRATION. THE CAPITAL COST FOR THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE IS ESTIMATED TO BE $795,349. O&M COSTS FOR THIS SELECTED REMEDY WERE NOT SPECIFIED. THE COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY WILL ASSUME THE O&M COSTS ONE YEAR AFTER THE COMPLETION OF CONSTRUCTION.
 
Remedy:  THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDES;

- REMOVE SURFACE WATER FROM THE SITE.
- SECURE POND SEDIMENTS, SLUDGE AND MATERIALS FROM LOW-LYING AREAS BENEATH THE CAP.
- INSTALL FINAL CAP COVER FOR CONTAINMENT OF THE WASTE MATERIALS.
- CONSTRUCT A SURFACE WATER DRAINAGE DIVERSION WHICH WILL ROUTE SURFACE WATER AROUND THE CAP AREA AND WHICH CAN ACCOMMODATE A 25 YEAR/24 HOUR STORM.
- IMPLEMENT A PERFORMANCE MONITORING PROGRAM ON WILSON CREEK (THE ONLY POTENTIAL RECEPTOR OF CHEMICAL MIGRATION) TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE CLAY CAP INSURING MIGRATION OF SURFACE CHEMICAL MIGRATION.
- FOLLOWING THE COMPLETION OF THE REMEDIAL CONSTRUCTION THE SITE WILL BE SECURED WITH THE INSTALLATION OF A SIX FOOT HIGH CHAIN LINK FENCE WITH APPROPRIATE GATES.
- THE SITE WILL BE SUBJECT TO A REGULAR INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM FOLLOWING COMPLETION OF REMEDIAL CONSTRUCTION FOR A PERIOD OF THIRTY (30) YEARS.
- THE ACTIVE CONTAMINANT MIGRATION PATHWAY AT THE A. L. TAYLOR SITE IS BY SURFACE WATER RUNOFF. THE FINAL COVER IS PROPOSED AS A METHOD OF CONTAINING WASTE MATERIALS AND PREVENTING CONTACT BETWEEN SURFACE WATER AND WASTE.
- BASED ON THE COST-EFFECTIVE CRITERIA OF SECTION 300.68 (J) OF THE NATIONAL CONTINGENCY PLAN, EVALUATION OF THE REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVES AND THE ENDANGERMENT ASSESSMENT, EPA RECOMMENDS THAT THE ONSITE CONTAMINANT ALTERNATIVE AS PROPOSED IN THE CONCEPTUAL DESIGN SUBMITTED BY THE POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTIES BE IMPLEMENTED AT THIS SITE.
 
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