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Record of Decision System (RODS)

BELVIDERE MUNICIPAL LANDFILL

Abstract

Site Name:  BELVIDERE MUNICIPAL LANDFILL
Address:  APPLETON RD 
City & State:  BELVIDERE  IL  61008
County:  BOONE
 
EPA ID:  ILD980497663
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-88/069
ROD Date:  06/29/1988
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  GROUNDWATER SOIL
 
Contaminant:  METALS, LEAD, ORGANICS, PAHS, PCBS
 
Abstract:  THE BELVIDERE LANDFILL (BL), OCCUPYING 19.3 ACRES OF THE 139-ACRE SITE, IS LOCATED JUST OUTSIDE THE CITY OF BELVIDERE, COUNTY OF BOONE, ILLINOIS. THE SITE IS LOCATED WITHIN THE 100-YEAR FLOOD PLAIN OF THE KISHWAUKEE RIVER, WHICH IS ADJACENT TO THE SITE. LOCATED WITHIN THE SITE BOUNDARIES ARE TWO PONDS AND A DRUM DISPOSAL AREA. THE CITY OF BELVIDERE OWNED THE LANDFILL FROM 1939 TO 1973, OPERATING FIRST AS A MUNICIPAL LANDFILL UNTIL 1965 AND THEN AS AN INDUSTRIAL LANDFILL UNTIL 1973. IN LATE 1970, THE CITY OF BELVIDERE APPLIED FOR A SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL PERMIT. THE APPLICATION WAS TO PERMIT THE DISPOSAL OF 52 TONS PER DAY OF DOMESTIC GARBAGE, LANDSCAPE WASTES, PARTIALLY DEWATERED SLUDGE, AND DEMOLITION MATERIAL. HOWEVER, IN 1971, THE OPERATOR DISCLOSED THAT UP TO 100 TONS PER DAY OF WASTES WERE BEING DEPOSITED. THIS WASTE CONSISTED OF 35 TONS OF RESIDENTIAL WASTE, 30 TONS OF INDUSTRIAL SOURCE WASTE, AND 35 TONS OF COMMERCIAL SOURCE WASTE. INSPECTION REPORTS BY THE ILLINOIS EPA (IEPA) INDICATE THAT HAZARDOUS WASTES WERE DISPOSED OF ON THE LANDFILL BETWEEN LATE 1970 AND EARLY 1973. IEPA DENIED THE CITY'S PERMIT APPLICATION IN JANUARY 1971, AND THE LANDFILL WAS FORMALLY CLOSED IN 1973. BETWEEN 1975 AND 1982, IEPA REPEATEDLY CITED THE LANDFILL FOR INADEQUATE COVER VIOLATIONS. IN THE SUMMER OF 1979, SAND FROM ADJACENT AREAS AND PRAIRIE PLANT VEGETATION WERE APPLIED AS A FINAL COVER. APPROXIMATELY 79,000 YD(3) OF WASTE WERE DISPOSED OF AT THE LANDFILL. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE SOIL AND GROUND WATER INCLUDE; ORGANICS, PCBS, PAHS, METALS, AND LEAD.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES: RCRA CAPPING OVER THE 19.3-ACRE LANDFILL; REMEDIATION OF SOIL FROM THE DRUM DISPOSAL AREA FOLLOWING SAMPLING TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT OF PCB CONTAMINATION. IF SOIL SAMPLES INDICATE PCB 50 MG/KG, THEN SOIL WILL EITHER BE TAKEN TO AN OFFSITE INCINERATOR OR LEFT IN PLACE AND CAPPED. IF THE SOIL SAMPLES INDICATE PCB LESS THAN 50 MG/KG, THEN SOIL CAN BE CONSOLIDATED WITH THE LANDFILL MATERIAL PRIOR TO CAPPING; GROUND WATER PUMP AND TREATMENT POSSIBLY USING AIR STRIPPING WITH DISCHARGE TO EITHER THE KISHWAUKEE RIVER OR THE CITY TREATMENT PLANT; GROUND WATER MONITORING; POND AND RIVER FISH MONITORING; INSTALLATION OF AN UPGRADED FENCE; DEED RESTRICTIONS TO CONTROL UNACCEPTABLE ONSITE ACTIVITIES AND CONSTRUCTION; AND FLOOD CONTROL MEASURES TO PREVENT EROSION OF THE CAP AND LANDFILL CONTENTS. THE ESTIMATED CAPITAL COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $5,900,000 WITH ANNUAL O&M OF $271,000.
 
Remedy:  THE SELECTED REMEDY IS PROTECTIVE OF HUMAN HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT, ATTAINS FEDERAL AND STATE REQUIREMENTS THAT ARE APPLICABLE OR RELEVANT AND APPROPRIATE, AND IS COST-EFFECTIVE. THIS REMEDY UTILIZES PERMANENT SOLUTIONS AND ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PRACTICABLE FOR THIS SITE. HOWEVER, BECAUSE TREATMENT OF THE PRINCIPAL THREATS OF THE SITE WAS NOT FOUND TO BE PRACTICABLE, THIS REMEDY DOES NOT SATISFY THE STATUTORY PREFERENCE FOR TREATMENT AS A PRINCIPAL ELEMENT OF THE REMEDY. THE SIZE OF THE LANDFILL AND THE FACT THAT THERE ARE NO ON-SITE HOT SPOTS THAT REPRESENT THE MAJOR SOURCES OF CONTAMINATION PRECLUDE A REMEDY IN WHICH CONTAMINANTS EFFECTIVELY COULD BE EXCAVATED AND TREATED. THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDE:
* FLOOD CONTROL MEASURES;
* DEED RESTRICTIONS;
* INSTALLING AN UPGRADED SECURITY FENCE AROUND THE LANDFILL SITE;
* MONITORING TO ENSURE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE REMEDIAL ACTION;
* CAPPING THE 19-ACRE LANDFILL IN ACCORDANCE WITH RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT REQUIREMENTS;
* PLUME BARRIER GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION AND TREATMENT SYSTEM.
 
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