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Record of Decision System (RODS)

BERLIN & FARRO

Abstract

Site Name:  BERLIN & FARRO
Address:  8322 S MOORISH RD 
City & State:  SWARTZ CREEK  MI  48473
County:  GENESEE
 
EPA ID:  MID000605717
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Deleted from the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-91/182
ROD Date:  09/30/1991
Operable Unit(s):  02
 
Media:  SOIL SEDIMENT GROUND WATER
 
Contaminant:  VOCS, BENZENE, PCE, TCE, TOLUENE, XYLENES, METALS, ARSENIC, CHROMIUM, LEAD
 
Abstract:  THE 40-ACRE BERLIN AND FARRO SITE IS A FORMER LIQUID INCINERATION AND LANDFILL FACILITY IN GAINES TOWNSHIP, GENESEE COUNTY, MICHIGAN. LAND NEAR THE SITE CONSISTS OF WOODLAND AND AGRICULTURAL AREAS. IN ADDITION, THE SITE OVERLIES TWO AQUIFERS, WHICH PROVIDE WELL WATER TO THE APPROXIMATELY 80 PERMANENT HOMES LOCATED WITHIN A 1/2 MILE RADIUS OF THE SITE. FROM 1971 TO 1975, BERLIN AND FARRO LIQUID INCINERATION, INC., USED THE SITE TO ACCEPT AND STORE INDUSTRIAL WASTES PRIOR TO INCINERATION, AND DISPOSED OF CRUSHED DRUMS IN A 1.1-ACRE ONSITE LANDFILL. DURING THIS PERIOD, THE OWNERS FAILED TO COMPLY WITH AIR EMISSION STANDARDS, ONSITE STORAGE VOLUME LIMITS, AND PERMIT STANDARDS THAT PROHIBITED ONSITE DISPOSAL OF WASTES OTHER THAN SOLID WASTES. THE FACILITY ALSO OPERATED TWO UNAUTHORIZED WASTE STORAGE LAGOONS AND TWO UNLINED STORAGE LAGOONS; ILLEGALLY BURIED FIVE TANKS OF WASTEWATER; BURIED LIQUID WASTES; OPERATED UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS; POURED LIQUID WASTES INTO SUBSURFACE AGRICULTURAL DRAINS; AND DUMPED THOUSANDS OF GALLONS OF BARRELLED WASTES INTO TWO ONSITE PITS. IN 1975, BERLIN AND FARRO'S PERMITS WERE REVOKED; HOWEVER, ILLEGAL DUMPING OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE INTO THE LAGOONS APPARENTLY CONTINUED AFTER THE SITE WAS CLOSED. SEVERAL SEPARATE CLEAN-UP ACTIONS WERE UNDERTAKEN BY THE PRPS, THE STATE, AND EPA DURING THE EARLY TO MID-1980'S. THESE ACTIVITIES INCLUDED, BUT WERE NOT LIMITED TO, REMOVING LAGOON SLUDGE, THE INCINERATOR FACILITY, FIVE UNDERGROUND TANKS, AN AGRICULTURAL DRAIN AND PAINT SLUDGE TRENCH, SURFACE DEBRIS, DRUMS, WASTE PILES AND SOIL, AND 1,000,000 GALLONS OF CONTAMINATED WATER; BACKFILLING THE LAGOONS AND OLD DRUM LANDFILL; AND CONSTRUCTING SETTLING PONDS. THIS RECORD OF DECISION (ROD) ADDRESSES THE FINAL REMEDY FOR CONTAMINATED SOIL, SEDIMENT, AND GROUND WATER AT THE BERLIN AND FARRO SITE. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE SOIL, SEDIMENT, AND GROUND WATER ARE VOCS INCLUDING BENZENE, PCE, TCE, TOLUENE, AND XYLENES; AND METALS INCLUDING ARSENIC, CHROMIUM, AND LEAD.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES EXCAVATING, PARTIALLY TREATING USING SOLIDIFICATION, AND CONSOLIDATING (IN AN ONSITE RCRA CONTAINMENT CELL) CONTAMINATED SOIL AND SEDIMENT FROM THE CENTRAL SITE AREA AND SEDIMENT FROM AN OFFSITE DRAIN (TREATMENT OF THE MATERIALS WILL REMOVE FREE LIQUIDS AND RENDER CHARACTERISTIC WASTE AND NON-CHARACTERISTIC RCRA WASTE); COLLECTION AND TREATING LEACHATE FROM THE CALL; BACKFILLING, COVERING WITH SOIL AND REVEGETATING THE EXCAVATED ONSITE AREAS; REGRADING THE EXCAVATED AREAS OF THE DRAIN; PUMPING AND TREATMENT OF GROUND WATER FROM THE SHALLOW PORTION OF THE AQUIFER USING A SYSTEM OF COLLECTION TRENCHES, FOLLOWED BY TREATMENT USING AIR STRIPPING AND ONSITE DISCHARGE TO THE DRAIN; TREATING OFF-GAS EMISSIONS FROM THE GROUND WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM; MONITORING GROUND WATER; AND IMPLEMENTING INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS INCLUDING DEED RESTRICTIONS. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $8,119,300, WHICH INCLUDES AN ANNUAL O&M COST OF $233,100 FOR 30 YEARS.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS; CHEMICAL-SPECIFIC SOIL AND SEDIMENT CLEAN-UP GOALS ARE BASED ON STATE HEALTH-BASED STANDARDS AND INCLUDE BENZENE 0.02 MG/KG, LEAD 20.8 MG/KG, TOLUENE 16 MG/KG, AND XYLENES 6 MG/KG. CHEMICAL-SPECIFIC GROUND WATER CLEAN-UP GOALS ARE BASED ON HEALTH STANDARDS, AND INCLUDE BENZENE 1 UG/L.
 
Remedy:  THIS FINAL REMEDY ADDRESSES REMEDIATION OF GROUND WATER, SOIL AND SEDIMENT CONTAMINATION BY ELIMINATING OR REDUCING THE LOW LEVEL THREAT POSED BY CONTAMINATED SOIL AND SEDIMENT THROUGH CONTAINMENT ON-SITE AND THE THREAT FROM CONTAMINATED GROUND WATER THROUGH TREATMENT.

THE MAJOR ELEMENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDE;
* EXCAVATION, PARTIAL TREATMENT, AND CONTAINMENT OF APPROXIMATELY 48,000 CUBIC YARDS OF CONTAMINATED SOIL AND SEDIMENT FROM ON SITE LOCATIONS AND SEDIMENT FROM SLOCUM DRAIN IN AN ON-SITE RCRA SUBTITLE C/ACT 64 CELL, WITH TREATMENT OF ANY LEACHATE COLLECTED FROM THE CELL;
* BACK-FILLING, COVERING WITH TOPSOIL AND REVEGETATING THE EXCAVATED ON-SITE AREAS AND REGRADING THE EXCAVATED AREAS OF SLOCUM DRAIN;
* EXTRACTION OF CONTAMINATED GROUND WATER AND TREATMENT OF THE GROUND WATER BY AIR STRIPPING ON SITE AND TREATMENT OF THE OFF GASES;
* SITE DEED RESTRICTIONS TO PREVENT INSTALLATION OF DRINKING WATER WELLS OR OTHER INTRUSIVE ACTIVITY AT THE SITE; AND
* GROUND WATER MONITORING TO ASSESS THE STATE OF THE REMEDIATION.
 
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