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Record of Decision System (RODS)



Address:  3737 RED ARROW HIGHWAY 
City & State:  ST. JOSEPH  MI  49085
County:  BERRIEN
EPA ID:  MID005107222
EPA Region:  05
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/541/R-97/117
ROD Date:  09/30/1997
Operable Unit(s):  01
Media:  Groundwater.
Contaminant:  Trichloroethylene (TCE) and its degradation products.
Abstract:  The Bendix Corp./Allied Automotive site comprises 36 acres and is located in Michigan approximately 4 miles south of the City of St. Joseph. The site is approximately 1/2 mile from the eastern shore of Lake Michigan, 1/3 mile west of Hickory Creek, and bordered to the west by Red Arrow Highway. Land use in the vicinity of the site is a mixture of commercial, residential, and industrial. The site was originally farmland but was developed in 1939 by the Nylen Products Corporation. The facility consisted of an iron casting foundry and a machine shop. The Bendix Corporation purchased the property in 1952 and was later acquired by Allied Chemical in 1983. Its successor, Allied Signal Inc., sold the facility to Bosch Braking Systems Corporation, who is the current owner, in 1996. The facility currently contains a foundry and a manufacturing plant.Oil-based cutting fluids were used at the facility during the 1950s and 1960s. Water-soluble cutting fluids were used beginning in 1967. Chlorinated solvents were reportedly used in the 1960s and 1970s. From 1965 to 1975, foundry dust collector and machine shop oily waste waters were disposed into three former unlined lagoons. Bendix also used an on-site incinerator, lagoons, and off-site commercial disposal facilities until the mid-1970s. A landfill was also used from 1966 to 1979 for disposal of foundry residues, asbestos in brake shoes, and encapsulated asbestos pellets.Numerous investigations have taken place at the site since 1975. Two volatile organic compound (VOC) plumes have been identified. The site was placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1990.
Remedy:  The selected remedy addresses contamination associated with two groundwater plumes at the site. The major components of the remedy include: environmental monitoring to evaluate the effectiveness of natural attenuation processes in the plumes; deed restrictions to prohibit future groundwater use; land use restrictions to restrict access to Bendix site-related VOCs in vadose zone soils; natural attenuation of groundwater plumes to continue destruction of groundwater contaminants; and five-year site reviews.
Text:  View full-text ROD [ 95K ]
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