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Record of Decision System (RODS)



Address:  13355 29 MILE ROAD 
City & State:  ALBION  MI  49224
County:  CALHOUN
EPA ID:  MID980504450
EPA Region:  05
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-95/275
ROD Date:  03/28/1995
Operable Unit(s):  01
Media:  Groundwater, Sediments, Soil, Surface Water
Contaminant:  Benzoanthracene, benzofluoranthene, benzoperylene, benzopyrene, chrysene, dibenzoanthracene, di-n-butyl phthalate, fluoranthene, indenopyrene, phenanthrene, pyrene, arsenic, barium, chromium, copper, cyanide, vanadium, zinc benzene, carbon disulfide, vinyl chloride, xylene, lindane, antimony, barium, cadmium, cobalt, iron, nickel, zinc, selenium, thallium, heptachlor, acetone, methylene chloride, phenanthrene, endrin, endrin aldehyde, DDT, mercury, endrin ketone, methoxychlor
Abstract:  Please note that the text in this document summarizes the Record of Decision for the purposes of facilitating searching and retrieving key text on the ROD. It is not the officially approved abstract drafted by the EPA Regional offices. Once EPA Headquarters receives the official abstract, this text will be replaced.

The Albion-Sheridan Township Landfill site is an inactive landfill located at 29975 East Erie Road approximately one mile east of Albion, Michigan on the eastern edge of Calhoun County. The landfill occupies approximately 18 acres.

From 1966 to 1981, the landfill was privately owned and operated. The landfill accepted municipal refuse and industrial wastes from households and industries for Albion and nearby townships. In the early 1970s, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) approved the landfill to accept metal plating sludges. Other materials, such as paint wastes and thinners, oil and grease, and dust, sand, and dirt containing fly ash and casting sand were also disposed of at the site. In 1980, the MDNR collected and analyzed samples of non-containerized sludges that were being disposed of at the site. The sludges contained heavy metals, including chromium, zinc, nickel, and lead. The sludges remain buried a the site. The landfill ceased operation in 1981.

During 1988 and 1989, a technical assistance team conducted site inspections and observed surface debris on the landfill, including drums which appeared to contain grease and paint waste. Sampling showed that some drums contained waste classified as hazardous under Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) because they were toxic and ignitable. Some samples contained volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including ethylbenzene, toluene, tetrachloroethylene, 1,1,1-tr

In 1990, two potentially responsible parties (PRPs) removed approximately 46 drums from the surface of the landfill. Twenty-two of these were overpacked and sent to an off-site facility for incineration. The remaining drums were crushed and sent to a landfill.

The landfill is currently covered with one to four feet of silty sand and some gravel. The cover averages about two feet in thickness. Refuse is present within the cover material at some locations. This refuse includes sludge, glass fragments and insulation. Refuse material is scattered at the ground surface throughout the landfill, particularly on slopes. This material includes metal, plastic, concrete, asphalt, 55-gallon drums, wood, tires, a storage tank, and a junk crane.

Landfill gases were encountered during the installation of wells and subsidence monuments on the landfill. Samples of landfill waste from borings contained numerous contaminants, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs), semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs), and pesticides.
Remedy:  The major components of the selected remedy include: removal and off-site treatment and disposal of drums which contain hazardous and liquid wastes from Test Pit Area #9 and other drums encountered during grading of the landfill surface; construction of a solid waste landfill cover, or cap, which makes use o a flexible membrane liner over the entire landfill mass; use of institutional controls on landfill property to limit both land and groundwater use, and on adjacent property to limit only groundwater use until the cleanup standard is attained; installation of an active landfill gas collection system including flaring to treat the off-gas from the landfill, unless passive venting is approved; monitoring of groundwater to ensure effectiveness of the remedial action in lowering the arsenic concentration in groundwater through natural oxidation.

The following contingent remedy for groundwater treatment is also selected for the site: treatment of groundwater by in-situ oxidation if, five years after landfill cap installation, the arsenic contamination in the groundwater is not declining at the specified rate, or if contamination threatens residential wells
Text:  View full-text ROD [ 91K ]
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