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Record of Decision System (RODS)

BUCKEYE RECLAMATION

Abstract

Site Name:  BUCKEYE RECLAMATION
Address:  STATE ROUTE 214 1MI SOUTH OF I-90 
City & State:  ST. CLAIRSVILLE  OH  43950
County:  BELMONT
 
EPA ID:  OHD980509657
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-91/167
ROD Date:  08/19/1991
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  SOIL GROUNDWATER
 
Contaminant:  VOCS, BENZENE, TCE, TOLUENE, OTHER ORGANICS, PAHS, METALS, CHROMIUM, LEAD
 
Abstract:  THE 658-ACRE BUCKEYE RECLAMATION SITE CONTAINS A 50-ACRE FORMER LANDFILL IN RICHLAND TOWNSHIP, BELMONT COUNTY, OHIO. LAND USE IN THE AREA IS PREDOMINANTLY AGRICULTURAL, RURAL RESIDENTIAL, AND STRIP MINING. A TOTAL OF 46 DOMESTIC WELLS AND SPRINGS ARE LOCATED WITHIN 1 MILE OF THE SITE. THE SITE IS SITUATED IN THE KING'S RUN DRAINAGE RAVINE, AND IS BORDERED BY KING'S RUN TO THE EAST AND UNNAMED RUN TO THE WEST. KING'S RUN FLOWS TO THE SOUTH INTO LITTLE MCMAHON CREEK. THE ORIGINAL TOPOGRAPHY OF THE VALLEY HAS BEEN ALTERED BY COAL MINING AND LANDFILL OPERATIONS. PRIOR TO 1940, THE SITE SERVED AS A DISPOSAL AREA FOR COAL MINE REFUSE. THE COUNTY LICENSED THE AREA AS A PUBLIC SOLID WASTE LANDFILL IN 1971, AND THE FACILITY ACCEPTED GENERAL TRASH, RUBBISH, AND NONHAZARDOUS WASTE. THE LANDFILL ALSO ACCEPTED INDUSTRIAL SLUDGE AND LIQUIDS, MOST OF WHICH WERE RECEIVED BETWEEN 1976 AND 1979, AND DEPOSITED IN THE WASTE PIT LOCATED IN THE NORTHERN SECTION OF THE LANDFILL. SOLID INDUSTRIAL WASTES ALSO WERE DISPOSED OF WITH MUNICIPAL WASTES ELSEWHERE IN THE LANDFILL. IN 1980, THE WASTE PIT WAS FILLED WITH SLUDGE, MINE SPOIL, AND OVERBURDEN SOIL; COVERED WITH SOIL AND GARBAGE; AND SEEDED. RESULTS OF THE RI INDICATE VARIOUS LEVELS OF CONTAMINATION IN ALL MEDIA SAMPLED, EXCEPT AIR. THIS RECORD OF DECISION (ROD) ADDRESSES THE REMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED LEACHATE AND GROUND WATER AND ELIMINATES EXPOSURE TO CONTAMINATED SURFACE SOIL. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE SOIL AND GROUND WATER ARE VOCS INCLUDING BENZENE, TCE, AND TOLUENE; OTHER ORGANICS INCLUDING PAHS; AND METALS INCLUDING ARSENIC, CHROMIUM, BERYLLIUM, AND LEAD.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES CAPPING THE ENTIRE LANDFILL AREA, INCLUDING THE WASTE PIT AND SUSPECTED SOURCES OF RECHARGE FOR THE WASTE PIT AND WATER BEARING ZONES, WITH A SOLID WASTE LANDFILL CAP; INSTALLING A LEACHATE SEEP AND GROUND WATER COLLECTION SYSTEM; TREATING COLLECTED WASTEWATERS WITH CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS AND DISCHARGING THE TREATED WATERS ONSITE TO LITTLE MCMAHON CREEK; CONDUCTING LONG-TERM GROUND AND SURFACE WATER MONITORING; AND IMPLEMENTING INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS INCLUDING DEED, LAND, AND GROUND WATER USE RESTRICTIONS, AS WELL AS SITE ACCESS RESTRICTIONS INCLUDING FENCING. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $48,663,000, WHICH INCLUDES AN ANNUAL O&M COST OF $99,000 FOR 30 YEARS.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS; EPA IS INVOKING A WAIVER OF RCRA CLOSURE REQUIREMENTS DUE TO THE STEEPNESS OF THE LANDFILL SLOPES, WHICH MAKES CONSTRUCTION OF A RCRA SUBTITLE C CAP TECHNICALLY IMPRACTICABLE. CONTAMINANTS DISCHARGED FROM THE WETLANDS TREATMENT SYSTEM WILL NOT EXCEED NPDES DISCHARGE LIMITS. THE LIMITS MAY BE MODIFIED TO MORE STRINGENT LEVELS IF PROVEN FEASIBLE.
 
Remedy:  THIS IS THE FIRST AND ONLY OPERABLE UNIT FOR THE SITE. THE REMEDY SELECTED IN THIS RECORD OF DECISION WILL ADDRESS PRINCIPAL THREATS POSED BY THE SITE BY TREATING CONTAMINATED SURFACE AND GROUND WATERS AND ELIMINATING EXPOSURE TO CONTAMINATED SURFACE SOILS. BECAUSE THE SELECTED REMEDY INVOLVES LONG-TERM TREATMENT OF COLLECTED SURFACE LEACHATE AND GROUND WATER, OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE TREATMENT SYSTEM WILL BE REQUIRED.

MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING;
* SOLID WASTE LANDFILL CAP
* INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS
* FENCING
* GROUND WATER COLLECTION
* SURFACE LEACHATE SEEP COLLECTION
* GROUND WATER MONITORING
* SURFACE LEACHATE SEEP MONITORING
* MONITORING OF KINGS RUN
* LEACHATE/GROUND WATER TREATMENT BY CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS

A SOLID WASTE LANDFILL CAP WILL BE CONSTRUCTED OVER ALL AREAS WHERE LANDFILLING ACTIVITIES OCCURRED AND AREAS WHICH WOULD ALLOW WATER INFILTRATION INTO AND UNDER THE LANDFILL. THE GROUND WATER AND SURFACE LEACHATE COLLECTION SYSTEM WILL ELIMINATE CONTAMINATED WATER DISCHARGES INTO SURFACE WATERS AND CHANNEL THE COLLECTED WATERS TO A CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS. WETLANDS TREATMENT OF THE LANDFILL LEACHATE AND GROUND WATER IS AN INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY WHICH HAS PROVEN EFFECTIVE IN REMOVING CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN DURING PRELIMINARY TREATABILITY STUDIES. PERIODIC SAMPLING OF WATER MEDIA AT THE SITE WILL MONITOR ANY CONTAMINANT MIGRATION. INSTALLING A FENCE AROUND THE SITE WILL DISCOURAGE TRESPASSING AND INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS WILL BE SOUGHT TO SPECIFY THAT THE CONSTRUCTED REMEDY IS NOT TAMPERED WITH IN THE FUTURE.
 
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