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Record of Decision System (RODS)



Address:  519 LANDE ST 
City & State:  DE PERE  WI  54115
County:  BROWN
EPA ID:  WIT560010118
EPA Region:  05
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-96/306
ROD Date:  09/24/1996
Operable Unit(s):  01
Media:  soil, groundwater
Contaminant:  Cromium, VOCs, manganese, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, tetrachloroethene, trichloroethene, nickel, iron, cyanide
Abstract:  Please note that the text in this document summarizes the Record of Decision for the purposes of facilitating searching and retrieving key text on the ROD. It is not the officially approved abstract drafted by the EPA Regional offices. Once EPA Headquarters receives the official abstract, this text will be replaced.

The Better Brite PLating Chrome and Zinc site is located at 519 Lande Street in De Pere, Wisconsin and occupies approximately three and seven-tenths acres. The site is bordered to the north by Lande Street, to the east by a railway, and to the south and west by resdiences. The Chrome Shop lies within a residential area; the nearest homes are about 100 feet from the former facility property boundary. The Chrome Shop is located approximately one quarter mile west of the Fox River, which flows northeast to Green Bay.

Better Brite began its chrome plating division in the mid 1970s. The Chrome Shop primarily engaged in chrome plating 15 to 20 foot rollers for paper mills in the area. Vertical inground dip tanks were used to plate the paper rollers.

Based on aerial photographs, a private residence, two large buildings (apparently an elevator and a storage building) and a smaller building (possibly a utility building) were present on the northern portion of the property in 1963. The southern half of the property was open field. In a September 1972 aerial photograph, the southern half of the property had been cleared, possibly in preparation for construction of the building which would house the Chrome Shop. The site property was deeded to Better Brite in early 1973. A September 1973 aerial photo shows the production building for Better Brite is under construction.

By 1978, the chrome plating operations had begun at the site. The first reported spill documented was estimated at 2,200 gallons in 1979. As a result of this spill, a subsurface loading dock on the northwest corner of the building was filled with two to three feet of frozen yellow water. It was ordered that the frozen rinse water be moved inside the facility to be thawed before discharging the melted water to the sanitary sewer. The company was also ordered to remove the contaminated soils located below the frozen water. Records indicate contaminated soils were not removed, and fresh sandy soil was brought to the site and the loading dock filled in to grade without approval. Better Brite was subsequently ordered to install a groundwater collection and pretreatment system.

Initally, it was thought that most of the contamination at the site resulted from spillage above grade. Therefore, it was ordered in 1979 to install shallow groundwater monitoring wells, a collection trench system and a surface-water holding pond to intercept any contaminated groundwater and surface water resulting from these spills. In addition, contaminated soils from neighboring properties was removed and stockpiled on the Chrome Shop property.

Better Brite filed for bankruptcy in October 1985. Plating operations were also discontinued at this time. During the bankruptcy proceedings, it was discovered that the vertical tanks located under the building had been leaking. By 1985 it was estimated that between 20,000 and 60,000 gallons of chrome plating solution leaked from the tanks during the time the plant was in operation.
Remedy:  The selected remedy for groundwater includes: moving the existing groundwater pretreatment equipment from the Chrome Shop to the Zinc Shop and constructing a new building to house it; continued removal, treatment and discharge to the sanitary sewer of contaminated groundwater from an exitsting groundwater collection sump at the Zinc Shop; conducting in-situ stabilization and/or solidification treatment of the chromium contaminated soils and groundwater at the Chrome Shop; continued groundwater monitoring; and implementation of proper institutional controls and site access restrictions.

The selected remedy for the basement/foundation drain exposure includes: sealing the interior access points of existing foundation drains; waterproofing existing exterior foundation walls; construction of new exterior building foundation drains with collected water treated at the Zinc Shop pretreatment facility; necessary predesign investigations of the structural integrity of the existing buildings near the zinc shop to determine if the above actions are feasible - actions can be modified to remove as much risk as possible without endangering building structural integrity; continued groundwater monitoring; and removal and proper treatment/disposal of any contaminated soil that pose health risks or could cause additional groundwater contamination near the Zinc Shop after a predesign soil investigation.
Text:  View full-text ROD [ 105K ]
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