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Record of Decision System (RODS)

PETERSEN SAND & GRAVEL

Abstract

Site Name:  PETERSEN SAND & GRAVEL
Address:  ILLINOIS ROUTES 21 & 137 
City & State:  LIBERTYVILLE  IL  60048
County:  LAKE
 
EPA ID:  ILD003817137
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Deleted from the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-88/072
ROD Date:  09/14/1988
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  NONE
 
Contaminant:  NONE
 
Abstract:  PETERSEN SAND AND GRAVEL (PSG) IS A 20-ACRE MINING SITE AND A FORMER DISPOSAL AREA LOCATED NORTH OF LIBERTYVILLE, ILLINOIS. THE SITE IS PART OF A TRACT OF LAND OWNED SINCE 1979 BY THE LAKE COUNTY FOREST PRESERVE DISTRICT (LCFPD). PSG IS BORDERED BY THE DES PLAINES RIVER TO THE WEST, FOREST PRESERVE LAND AND RESIDENCES TO THE EAST, AND AGRICULTURAL LAND AND SMALL BUSINESS TO THE NORTH AND SOUTH. THE SITE CONSISTS OF THREE DISPOSAL AREAS INCLUDING A THREE- TO FOUR-ACRE LANDFILLED AREA REPORTEDLY CONTAINING CONSTRUCTION DEBRIS, TREES AND TIRES; AN AREA THAT CONTAINED 400 TO 500 55-GALLON DRUMS OF PAINT AND SOLVENT WASTES; AND AN AREA THAT CONTAINED APPROXIMATELY 500 DRUMS OF SOLVENTS AND 1,000 PAINT CANS. THE ENTIRE SITE IS APPROXIMATELY 20 FEET BELOW THE ELEVATION OF THE DES PLAINES RIVER DUE TO MINING OPERATIONS WHICH ARE STILL CONTINUING AND ARE EXPECTED TO CONTINUE UNTIL THE EARLY 1990S. LCFPD IS PLANNING TO CONSTRUCT A RECREATIONAL LAKE AT THE SITE WHEN MINING OPERATIONS CEASE. RAYMOND PETERSEN PURCHASED THE PROPERTY IN 1952, WHICH INCLUDED A 30-ACRE PARCEL EAST, AND A 20-ACRE PARCEL WEST OF THE RIVER, AND BEGAN THE SAND AND GRAVEL OPERATIONS AT THE SITE LATER THAT YEAR. BETWEEN 1955 AND 1958, UNKNOWN REFUSE WAS DISPOSED OF IN THE FOUR-ACRE LANDFILL. IN 1971 THE ILLINOIS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (IEPA) INVESTIGATED REPORTS OF ILLEGAL DUMPING AND SUBSEQUENTLY ORDERED IMMEDIATE CLOSURE OF THE SITE. IN 1973, THE ILLINOIS POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD ORDERED COMPLETE WASTE REMOVAL AND COVERING OF THE REFUSE. ADDITIONAL REPORTS CITED THAT NUMEROUS DRUMS WERE NOT REMOVED. THESE WASTES, CONSISTING OF 55-GALLON DRUMS OF PAINT AND SOLVENT WASTE, WERE REMOVED IN 1977. AN INSPECTION CONDUCTED IN 1980 DETECTED NO ADDITIONAL BURIED DRUMS. THE LAKE COUNTY GRADING COMPANY (LCGC) TOOK OVER THE MINING OPERATIONS IN 1983, AND DISCOVERED ADDITIONAL BURIED DRUMS OF SOLVENTS AND PAINT CANS. THESE CONTAINERS WERE REMOVED FROM THE AREA THAT YEAR, ALONG WITH CONTAMINATED SOIL. IN 1984, THE SITE WAS PLACED ON THE NATIONAL PRIORITIES LIST. A 20-ACRE AREA IN THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF THE SITE WAS THE FOCUS OF CONCERN. THE FINAL REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION REPORT CONDUCTED BY IEPA WAS COMPLETED IN APRIL 1988, INDICATING NO PRESENCE OF CONTAMINANTS AT LEVELS OF CONCERN, THUS A FEASIBILITY STUDY WAS NOT NECESSARY. THE INVESTIGATION ANALYZED OVER 150 ORGANIC AND INORGANIC COMPOUNDS, AND ONLY MANGANESE AND IRON EXCEEDED SECONDARY MCLS.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE IS NO FURTHER ACTION, SINCE THE FINDINGS IN THE RI INDICATED THAT PREVIOUS REMOVAL ACTIONS WERE ADEQUATE AND THAT NO UNACCEPTABLE RISK REMAINED ON SITE. HOWEVER, A LAKE WILL BE CONSTRUCTED ONSITE, THEREFORE, SURFACE WATER AND SEDIMENT MONITORING IS RECOMMENDED BOTH BEFORE AND AFTER THE LAKE IS IN PLACE. GROUND WATER AND PRECIPITATION COLLECTED IN THE MINING PITS WILL CONTINUE TO BE DISCHARGED TO THE DES PLAINES RIVER IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE NPDES PERMIT UNTIL THE MINING OPERATIONS CEASE. THERE ARE NO CAPITAL OR O&M COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS REMEDIAL ACTION.
 
Remedy:  THE RESULTS OF THE REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION (RI) SHOW THAT THE PREVIOUS REMOVAL ACTIONS WERE ADEQUATE TO PROTECT HUMAN HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT, AND THAT NO UNACCEPTABLE RISK REMAINS AT THE SITE. THEREFORE, THE SELECTED REMEDY FOR THIS SITE IS "NO FURTHER ACTION".
THE SITE OWNER, LAKE COUNTY FOREST PRESERVE DISTRICT (LCFPD), INTENDS TO CONSTRUCT A RECREATIONAL LAKE IN THE SAND AND GRAVEL PIT, WHICH WILL FLOOD THE SITE AREA. ALTHOUGH THE RI REPORT, ENDANGERMENT ASSESSMENT, CONCLUDED THAT DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAKE SHOULD NOT POSE ANY UNACCEPTABLE RISKS, IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO FULLY PREDICT FUTURE CONDITIONS IF A LAKE WERE DEVELOPED. IN ORDER TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF FUTURE USERS OF THE LAKE AND AQUATIC LIFE, THE AGENCY HAS RECOMMENDED TO LAKE COUNTY THAT, AT A MINIMUM, SURFACE WATER BE MONITORED BEFORE AND AFTER THE LAKE IS CONSTRUCTED.
 
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