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Record of Decision System (RODS)

JOHNS-MANVILLE CORP.

Abstract

Site Name:  JOHNS-MANVILLE CORP.
Address:  GREENWOOD AVE 
City & State:  WAUKEGAN  IL  60085
County:  LAKE
 
EPA ID:  ILD005443544
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-87/048
ROD Date:  06/30/1987
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  AIR GROUNDWATER SOIL SURFACE WATER
 
Contaminant:  ASBESTOS, CHROMIUM, LEAD, PARTICULATE MATTER
 
Abstract:  THE JOHNS-MANVILLE-WAUKEGAN SITE IS LOCATED ALONG LAKE MICHIGAN IN EAST-CENTRAL LAKE COUNTY, ILLINOIS. THE DISPOSAL AREA, OR SITE, COVERS APPROXIMATELY 120 ACRES OF THE APPROXIMATELY 300 ACRES OF LAND OWNED BY THE MANVILLE SERVICE CORPORATION, FORMERLY THE JOHNS-MANVILLE SALES CORPORATION. THE MANVILLE PLANT PRESENTLY PRODUCES AND HAS PRODUCED A WIDE RANGE OF BUILDING MATERIALS. SINCE 1922, WASTE MATERIALS CONTAINING PRIMARILY ASBESTOS, AND TO A LESSER EXTENT, LEAD, CHROME, THIRAM AND XYLENE HAVE BEEN DEPOSITED IN A VARIETY OF PITS AT THE SITE MANY OF WHICH ARE NO LONGER IN USE. PRESENTLY, NO ASBESTOS OR LEAD IS USED IN THIS MANUFACTURING PROCESS EXCEPT FRIABLE ASBESTOS. CURRENTLY ACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL PITS INCLUDE; THE ASBESTOS DISPOSAL PIT, WHICH RECEIVES FRIABLE ASBESTOS WASTES FROM MANUFACTURING BUILDING RECONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES; THE SLUDGE DISPOSAL PIT, WHICH RECEIVES DREDGED MATERIALS FROM THE ONSITE WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM; AND THE MISCELLANEOUS DISPOSAL PIT IN WHICH MISCELLANEOUS, NON-ASBESTOS-CONTAINING WASTES ARE AND WERE DEPOSITED. AIRBORNE ASBESTOS MONITORING WAS CONDUCTED IN 1973 AND 1982. THE 1973 STUDY DID NOT PROVIDE CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE OF ASBESTOS AIR CONTAMINATION. THE 1982 STUDY INDICATED ELEVATED ONSITE AND DOWNWIND ASBESTOS FIBER CONCENTRATION IN THE 2.5 TO 15 MICROMETER RANGE. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE AIR, GROUND WATER, SOIL AND LAKE MICHIGAN SURFACE WATERS INCLUDE; ASBESTOS, LEAD, CHROMIUM, PARTICULATE MATTER AND POTENTIALLY ARSENIC.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE INCLUDES; GRADING AND COVERING WASTE MATERIALS/SOIL IN INACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL AREAS; CLOSING THE ASBESTOS DISPOSAL PIT; OFFSITE DISPOSAL OF ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIAL GENERATED FRAME RECONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES; SOIL COVER, GROUND WATER, SURFACE WATER AND AIR MONITORING; CLEARING UP DEBRIS; FENCING OF THE EASTERN BOUNDARY; POSTING OR WARNING SIGNS; CLOSURE OF SMALL DITCH AND OPEN AREA MISCELLANEOUS DISPOSAL PIT; SAMPLING; AND DIKE AND PERIPHERAL DITCH CONSTRUCTION.
 
Remedy:  THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY, SOIL COVERING WITH VEGETATION, ARE;

- WASTE MATERIALS/SOIL IN THE INACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL AREAS OF THE SITE WILL BE GRADED AND COVERED WITH 24 INCHES OF COMPACTED NON-ASBESTOS-CONTAINING SOIL (SEE EXHIBIT 1). THE COVER WILL CONSIST OF SIX INCHES OF SAND OVERLAIN BY 12 INCHES OF CLAY. SIX INCHES OF TOPSOIL WILL BE PLACED OVER THE CLAY, AND A VEGETATIVE COVER WILL BE GROWN AND MAINTAINED.
- THE ASBESTOS DISPOSAL PIT WILL BE CLOSED IN JUNE 1989 AND PROVIDED WITH 24 INCHES OF COVER AS DESCRIBED ABOVE.
- THE MISCELLANEOUS DISPOSAL PIT, SLUDGE DISPOSAL PIT, AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM WILL CONTINUE TO OPERATE; ASBESTOS IS NO LONGER USED IN THE MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AT THE FACILITY.
- ANY ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIAL GENERATED FROM RECONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES AT THE FACILITY AFTER JUNE, 1989 WILL BE DISPOSED OF OFF-SITE IN AN APPROVED LANDFILL.
- A SOIL COVER MONITORING PROGRAM WILL BE DEVELOPED TO ENSURE THAT NO ASBESTOS REACHES THE SURFACE OF THE COVER AND BECOMES RELEASABLE TO THE AIR IN THE FUTURE.
- WHERE FEASIBLE, ONE LAYER OF NOMINAL 12-INCH THICK RIPRAP WILL BE PLACED ON THE INTERIOR SLOPES OF SETTLING BASINS. FOUR-INCH THICK BEDDING MATERIAL WILL BE USED TO PREVENT EROSION OF SOIL BENEATH THE RIPRAP. ALL OTHER EXPOSED INTERIOR SLOPES WILL BE PROVIDED WITH 24 INCHES OF SOIL COVER AS DESCRIBED ABOVE.
- A CONTINGENCY PLAN WILL BE DEVELOPED TO ENSURE THAT NO ASBESTOS-CONTAINING SLUDGE IS DREDGED FROM THE WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM IN THE FUTURE.
- THE NORTH, WEST, AND SOUTH SLOPES OF THE WASTE DISPOSAL AREA WILL BE SLOPED WITH NON-ASBESTOS-CONTAINING SOIL TO A RATIO OF TWO HORIZONTAL TO ONE VERTICAL AND PROVIDED WITH 24 INCHES OF SOIL COVER WITH VEGETATION AS PREVIOUSLY DESCRIBED (SEE EXHIBIT 1).
- A MINIMUM OF 24 INCHES OF NON-ASBESTOS-CONTAINING SOIL WILL BE PLACED ON TOP OF ALL DIKES AND DIKE ROADWAYS ONSITE. IN ADDITION, HEAVILY USED DIKE ROADWAYS WILL BE PROVIDED WITH EIGHT INCHES OF COMPACTED GRAVEL, AND LIGHTLY TRAVELLED DIKE ROADWAYS WITH FOUR INCHES OF COMPACTED GRAVEL.
- A GROUND WATER AND SURFACE WATER DETECTION MONITORING SYSTEM WILL BE ESTABLISHED ON-SITE TO ENSURE THAT ANY CONTAMINANTS THAT LEACH FROM THE SITE ARE DETECTED. THE MONITORING AND REPORTING OF RESULTS TO U.S. EPA WILL CONTINUE FOR A INIMUM OF 30 YEARS. A CONTINGENCY PLAN WILL BE DEVELOPED TO ENSURE THAT APPROPRIATE REMEDIAL ACTION WILL BE TAKEN IF CONTAMINANT CONCENTRATIONS THAT WOULD POSE A THREAT TO PUBLIC HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT ARE DETECTED.
- AN AIR MONITORING PROGRAM WILL BE ESTABLISHED AT THE WASTE DISPOSAL AREA TO DETERMINE THE LEVELS OF ASBESTOS, LEAD, TSP, AND CHROMIUM IN THE AIR AROUND THE SITE. THE MONITORING AND REPORTING OF RESULTS TO U.S. EPA WILL CONTINUE FOR A MINIMUM OF 15 YEARS AFTER THE INITIATION OF ON-SITE CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES FOR THE REMEDIAL ACTION. A CONTINGENCY PLAN WILL BE DEVELOPED TO ENSURE THAT APPROPRIATE REMEDIAL ACTION WILL BE TAKEN IF ONTAMINANT LEVELS EXCEED THE APPLICABLE AIR STANDARDS OR HEALTH-BASED CRITERIA.
- DEBRIS FROM THE BEACH AND SOUTHWEST PORTION OF THE WASTE DISPOSAL AREA WILL BE LEANED UP.
- THE EASTERN SITE BOUNDARY WILL BE FENCED TO LIMIT ACCESS.
- ADDITIONAL WARNING SIGNS WILL BE PLACED ALONG THE SITE PERIMETER.
- THE SMALL DITCH CONNECTED TO THE SOUTH END OF THE EAST DITCH (SEE EXHIBIT 1) WILL BE CLOSED.
- THE ACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL AREAS (MISCELLANEOUS DISPOSAL PIT, SLUDGE DISPOSAL PIT, AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM) WILL BE SAMPLED TO VERIFY MANVILLE'S CLAIMS THAT NO ASBESTOS HAS BEEN DEPOSITED IN THE MISCELLANEOUS DISPOSAL PIT, NO ASBESTOS-CONTAINING SLUDGE IS NEAR THE SURFACE OF THE SLUDGE DISPOSAL PIT, AND NO HAZARDOUS WASTES ARE ENTERING THE WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM.
- THE OPEN AREA IN THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF THE MISCELLANEOUS DISPOSAL PIT (SEE EXHIBIT 1) WILL BE CLOSED.
- PERIPHERAL DITCHES WILL BE CONSTRUCTED TO COLLECT SITE RUN-OFF AND CHANNEL IT TO THE INDUSTRIAL CANAL.
- DIKES WILL BE CONSTRUCTED AT THE DEPRESSED AREA ALONG THE NORTH SIDE OF THE INDUSTRIAL CANAL TO PREVENT INDUSTRIAL CANAL WATER FROM MIGRATING OFF-SITE.
 
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