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Record of Decision System (RODS)

NL INDUSTRIES/TARACORP LEAD SMELTER

Abstract

Site Name:  NL INDUSTRIES/TARACORP LEAD SMELTER
Address:  16TH & CLEVELAND BLVD 
City & State:  GRANITE CITY  IL  62040
County:  MADISON
 
EPA ID:  ILD096731468
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-90/121
ROD Date:  03/30/1990
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  SOIL DEBRIS
 
Contaminant:  METALS, LEAD
 
Abstract:  THE NL INDUSTRIES/TARACORP LEAD SMELTING SITE IS AN INACTIVE SECONDARY LEAD SMELTING FACILITY IN A HEAVILY INDUSTRIALIZED SECTION OF GRANITE CITY, MADISON COUNTY, ILLINOIS. LAND IN THE SITE VICINITY IS PRIMARILY INDUSTRIAL, BUT INCLUDES ADJACENT RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITIES, INCLUDING EAGLE PARK ACRES AND VENICE TOWNSHIP. PRIOR TO 1903, THE SITE WAS USED FOR METAL REFINING, FABRICATING, AND OTHER ASSOCIATED ACTIVITIES. FROM 1903 TO 1983, THE SITE WAS USED FOR SECONDARY LEAD SMELTING ACTIVITIES. THESE OPERATIONS GENERATED AN ONSITE PILE OF BLAST FURNACE SLAG AND BATTERY CASING DEBRIS WASTE (THE TARACORP PILE). FROM 1981 TO 1983, ST. LOUIS LEAD RECYCLERS, INC. (SLLR) USED EQUIPMENT ON AN ADJACENT PROPERTY TO RECYCLE LEAD-BEARING MATERIALS FROM THE TARACORP WASTE PILE FOR USE IN THE FURNACES AT TARACORP. HARD RUBBER WAS THE END WASTE PRODUCT OF THIS RECYCLING PROCESS. IN 1983, BOTH OPERATIONS WERE DISCONTINUED AND THE EQUIPMENT DISMANTLED. IN 1983, A STATE STUDY OF THE GRANITE CITY LEAD ATTAINMENT AIR EMISSIONS PROBLEM LINKED EMISSIONS FROM THE ONSITE LEAD SMELTER AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS AT THE NL INDUSTRIES/TARACORP SITE TO THE AIR POLLUTION PROBLEM. ONSITE CONTAMINATED AREAS IDENTIFIED DURING THE STUDY INCLUDED THE 85,000 CUBIC YARD TARACORP PILE, SMALLER ADJACENT WASTE PILES ASSOCIATED WITH THE SLLR RECYCLING OPERATION THAT TOTAL 2,450 CUBIC YARDS, AND 25 TO 35 DRUMS CONTAINING SOLID WASTE FROM ONSITE SMELTING OPERATIONS. ADDITIONALLY, THE ADJACENT PROPERTY CONTAINED A 4,000 CUBIC YARD PILE OF BATTERY CASING DEBRIS FROM THE SLLR OPERATION AND ANOTHER LARGE CONTAMINATED UNPAVED AREA WAS IDENTIFIED SOUTH AND WEST OF THE SITE. OTHER CONTAMINATION ASSOCIATED WITH THE SITE INCLUDED 2,700 CUBIC YARDS OF BATTERY CASING MATERIAL IN EAGLE PARK ACRES AND AN ADDITIONAL 670 CUBIC YARDS OF SIMILAR MATERIAL IN VENICE TOWNSHIP. IN 1984 THE STATE REQUIRED THE IMPLEMENTATION OF REMEDIAL ACTIONS TO IMPROVE AIR QUALITY. THIS RECORD OF DECISION (ROD) ADDRESSES THE TARACORP PILE, THE SLLR PILES, AND RESIDENTIAL SOIL, ALLEYS, AND DRIVEWAYS THAT ARE CONTAMINATED BY AIRBORNE LEAD AND/OR HARD RUBBER BATTERY CASING MATERIAL. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANT OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE SOIL AND DEBRIS IS LEAD.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES EXCAVATING A TOTAL OF 94,820 CUBIC YARDS OF LEAD-CONTAMINATED SOIL AND DEBRIS FROM THE SLLR PILES, THE UNPAVED AREA, AND ADJACENT RESIDENTIAL AREAS, AND HARD RUBBER BATTERY CASING MATERIAL FROM VENICE, EAGLE PARK ACRES, AND OTHER NEARBY COMMUNITIES; CONSOLIDATING THE SOIL AND DEBRIS WITH IN THE TARACORP PILE; COVERING THE TARACORP PILE WITH A RCRA MULTI-MEDIA CAP, AND LINING THE NEWLY-EXPANDED TARACORP PILE WITH A CLAY LINER; REMOVING ALL ONSITE DRUMS TO AN OFFSITE SECONDARY LEAD SMELTER FACILITY FOR RECOVERY; MONITORING NEARBY COMMUNITIES TO DETERMINE IF ADDITIONAL AREAS NEED REMEDIATION OR LEAD EXPOSURES NEED MITIGATION; PERFORMING BLOOD LEAD SAMPLING TO DETERMINE POTENTIAL ACUTE SITE-ASSOCIATED HEALTH EFFECTS; MONITORING AIR AND GROUND WATER DURING REMEDIAL ACTIVITIES; DEVELOPING A CONTINGENCY PLAN TO PROVIDE REMEDIAL ACTION IF ANY NEARBY SOIL LEAD LEVELS EXCEED 500 MG/KG OR GROUND WATER OR AIR EXCEED APPLICABLE STANDARDS; AND IMPLEMENTING INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS, INCLUDING DEED RESTRICTIONS, AND SITE ACCESS RESTRICTIONS SUCH AS FENCING. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $30,000,000, WHICH INCLUDES AN ANNUAL O&M COST OF $35,300 FOR 30 YEARS.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS: SOIL CLEANUP LEVELS FOR LEAD ARE BASED ON THE "INTERIM GUIDANCE ON ESTABLISHING SOIL LEAD CLEANUP LEVELS AT SUPERFUND SITES" (1989). ALL CONTAMINATED SOIL IN THE UNPAVED AREA ADJACENT TO THE SITE WILL BE EXCAVATED TO ACHIEVE A LEAD CLEANUP LEVEL OF 1,000 MG/KG. ALL CONTAMINATED SOIL IN ADJACENT RESIDENTIAL AREAS WILL BE EXCAVATED TO ACHIEVE A CLEANUP LEVEL OF LEAD 500 MG/KG. INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS: DEED RESTRICTIONS WILL BE IMPLEMENTED AT THE SITE TO PREVENT DISTURBANCE OF THE CAPPED TARACORP PILE.
 
Remedy:  THIS FINAL REMEDY INCLUDES TREATMENT OF THE PRINCIPAL THREATS POSED BY THE SITE BY 1) REMOVING CRUSHED HARD RUBBER BATTERY CASINGS AND LEAD CONTAMINATED SOIL FROM RESIDENTIAL AREAS, 2) CONSOLIDATING THE SOILS, CRUSHED CASINGS AND LEAD-CONTAMINATED MATERIALS FROM AN ADJACENT WASTE PILE INTO THE EXISTING TARACORP SLAG PILE AND 3) PROVIDING THE EXPANDED TARACORP PILE WITH A RCRA-COMPLIANT, MULTIMEDIA CAP.

THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDE;

* INSTALLATION OF AN UPGRADED SECURITY FENCE AROUND THE EXPANDED TARACORP PILE.
* INSTALLATION OF A MINIMUM OF ONE UPGRADIENT AND THREE DOWNGRADIENT DEEP WELLS, MONITORING OF GROUNDWATER AND AIR, AND INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE CAP.
* REMOVAL AND RECOVERY OF ALL DRUMS ON THE TARACORP PILE AT A SECONDARY LEAD SMELTER.
* CONSOLIDATION OF WASTE CONTAINED IN AN ADJACENT ST. LOUIS LEAD RECYCLERS PILES WITH THE TARACORP PILE.
* EXCAVATION AND CONSOLIDATION WITH THE TARACORP PILE OR OFF-SITE DISPOSAL OF BATTERY CASE MATERIAL FROM ALL APPLICABLE ALLEYS AND DRIVEWAYS IN VENICE, ILLINOIS, EAGLE PARK ACRES, AND ANY OTHER NEARBY COMMUNITIES.
* EXCAVATION AND CONSOLIDATION WITH THE TARACORP PILE OF ALL UNPAVED PORTIONS OF ADJACENT AREA 1 (SEE FIGURE) WITH LEAD CONCENTRATIONS GREATER THAN 1000 PPM.
* EXCAVATION AND CONSOLIDATION WITH TARACORP PILE OR OFF-SITE DISPOSAL OF ALL RESIDENTIAL SOILS AND BATTERY CASE MATERIALS AROUND THE SITE AND IN VENICE, EAGLE PARK ACRES, AND ANY OTHER NEARBY COMMUNITIES WITH LEAD CONCENTRATIONS GREATER THAN 500 PPM.
* IMPLEMENTATION OF DUST CONTROL MEASURES DURING ALL REMEDIAL CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES. * CONSTRUCTION OF A RCRA-COMPLIANT, MULTI-MEDIA CAP OVER THE EXPANDED TARACORP PILE AND A CLAY LINER UNDER ALL NEWLY-CREATED PORTIONS OF THE EXPANDED TARACORP PILE.
* DEVELOPMENT OF CONTINGENCY PLANS TO PROVIDE REMEDIAL ACTION IN THE EVENT THAT THE CONCENTRATION OF CONTAMINANTS IN GROUNDWATER OR LEAD OR (PM(10)) (PARTICULATE MATTER GREATER THAN 10 MICRONS) IN AIR EXCEED APPLICABLE STANDARDS OR ESTABLISHED ACTION LEVELS, OR THAT WASTE MATERIALS OR SOILS HAVE BECOME RELEASABLE TO THE AIR IN THE FUTURE.
* DEVELOPMENT OF CONTINGENCY MEASURES TO PROVIDE FOR SAMPLING AND REMOVAL OF ANY SOILS WITHIN THE ZONE OF CONTAMINATION DESCRIBED BY THE SOIL LEAD SAMPLING TO BE IMPLEMENTED ABOVE WITH LEAD CONCENTRATIONS ABOVE 500 PPM WHICH ARE PRESENTLY CAPPED BY ASPHALT OR OTHER BARRIERS BUT BECOME EXPOSED IN THE FUTURE DUE TO LAND USE CHANGES OR DETERIORATION OF THE EXISTING USE.
 
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