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Record of Decision System (RODS)

CROSS BROTHERS PAIL RECYCLING (PEMBROKE)

Abstract

Site Name:  CROSS BROTHERS PAIL RECYCLING (PEMBROKE)
Address:  ADDRESS UNREPORTED 
City & State:  PEMBROKE TOWNSHIP  IL  60944
County:  KANKAKEE
 
EPA ID:  ILD980792303
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-89/106
ROD Date:  09/28/1989
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  SOIL GROUNDWATER
 
Contaminant:  VOCS, BENZENE, PCE, TCE, TOLUENE, XYLENE, PCBS
 
Abstract:  THE CROSS BROTHERS PAIL SITE IS A FORMER PAIL AND DRUM RECYCLING OPERATION LOCATED IN PEMBROKE TOWNSHIP, KANKAKEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS. THE 20-ACRE SITE, APPROXIMATELY HALF OF WHICH WAS USED FOR WASTE DISPOSAL, IS IN A SEMI-RESIDENTIAL AREA INTERSPERSED WITH SMALL FARMS. RECYCLING OPERATIONS, WHICH INVOLVED DRAINING EMPTY DRUMS AND PAILS CONTAINING PAINTS, DYES, AND INKS ONTO THE GROUND, RESULTED IN THE FORMATION OF A WASTE RESIDUE LAYER APPROXIMATELY 6 INCHES THICK OVER 10 ACRES OF THE PROPERTY. IN ADDITION CRUSHED PAILS AND DRUMS WERE BURIED IN 10 TRENCHES LOCATED AROUND THE SITE. OPERATIONS CONTINUED AT THE SITE FROM 1961 UNTIL 1980 WHEN THE STATE CLOSED THE SITE AND ORDERED A CLEANUP. AN INITIAL REMEDIAL MEASURE WAS SIGNED IN 1985 WHICH REQUIRED CLEARING THE DISPOSAL AREA OF ALL VEGETATION AND REMOVING 6,438 TONS OF CONTAMINATED SURFICIAL SOILS, 542 DRUMS CONTAINING WASTES, AND 572 EMPTY DRUMS. FROM 1986 TO 1989 THE STATE CONDUCTED ADDITIONAL STUDIES TO DEFINE THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF GROUND WATER AND RESIDUAL SOIL CONTAMINATION. THE SITE CAN BE DIVIDED INTO TWO AREAS: A 6.5-ACRE AREA CHARACTERIZED BY SMALL LOCAL AREAS OF SOIL CONTAMINATION AND A 3.5-ACRE AREA THAT CONTAINS CONTAMINATION THROUGHOUT THE UNSATURATED ZONE (APPROXIMATELY 33,800 CUBIC YARDS OF SOIL). GROUND WATER CONTAMINATION IS THE PRINCIPAL THREAT AT THE SITE. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE SOIL AND GROUND WATER ARE VOCS INCLUDING BENZENE, PCE, TCE, TOLUENE AND XYLENES; AND OTHER ORGANICS INCLUDING PCBS.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE HAS BEEN DIVIDED INTO TWO OPERABLE UNITS. THE FIRST INVOLVES RESAMPLING A LOCALIZED PCB-CONTAMINATED SOIL AREA FOLLOWED BY EXCAVATION AND OFFSITE INCINERATION OF APPROXIMATELY 5 CUBIC YARDS (DEPENDENT UPON RESAMPLING RESULTS) OF SOIL WITH A PCB LEVEL EXCEEDING 10 MG/KG. THE SECOND OPERABLE UNIT ADDRESSES GROUND WATER AND SOIL REMEDIATION. THE 6.5-ACRE AREA WILL BE COVERED WITH A 6-INCH VEGETATIVE COVER, AND THE 3.5-ACRE AREA WILL BE COVERED BY 6 INCHES OF GRAVEL. GROUND WATER WILL BE PUMPED AND TREATED ONSITE WITH DISCHARGE ONTO THE 3.5-ACRE GRAVEL AREA VIA AN IRRIGATION SYSTEM, THUS ESTABLISHING A "CLEANSING LOOP" AND INDUCING SOIL FLUSHING THROUGH THE AREA OF VOC CONTAMINATION. DEED AND ACCESS RESTRICTIONS WILL BE IMPLEMENTED. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $2,076,500, WHICH INCLUDES AN ANNUAL O&M OF $59,235 FOR 15 YEARS.
 
Remedy:  THIS FINAL REMEDY ADDRESSES REMEDIATION OF GROUNDWATER AND SOIL CONTAMINATION BY ELIMINATING OR REDUCING THE RISKS POSED BY THE SITE, THROUGH TREATMENT AND ENGINEERING AND INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS. THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDE;

* RE-SAMPLING OF THE LOCALIZED PCB SOIL AREA TO IDENTIFY THE EXISTENCE OF A PCB SOURCE.
* IF IDENTIFIED, REMOVE THE LOCALIZED PCB-CONTAMINATED SOIL AREA AND INCINERATE THE SOILS AT A TSCA-APPROVED INCINERATOR.
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN A GROUNDWATER COLLECTION SYSTEM CAPABLE OF CAPTURING THE GROUNDWATER CONTAMINANT PLUME.
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN AN ON-SITE GROUNDWATER TREATMENT FACILITY TO REMOVE CONTAMINANTS FROM THE COLLECTED GROUNDWATER.
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN A SOIL FLUSHING SYSTEM FOR THE 3.5 ACRES OF CONTAMINATED SOIL WITHIN THE DISPOSAL AREA.
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN A 6-INCH VEGETATIVE COVER OVER THAT PORTION OF THE DISPOSAL AREA NOT SUBJECT TO THE SOIL FLUSHING OPERATION.
* MONITOR THE GROUNDWATER COLLECTION/TREATMENT SYSTEM AND THE GROUNDWATER CONTAMINANT PLUME DURING GROUNDWATER REMEDIATION ACTIVITIES.
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN A 6-INCH VEGETATIVE COVER OVER THE 3.5 ACRE AREA SUBJECT TO SOIL FLUSHING UPON TERMINATING THE SOIL FLUSHING OPERATION.
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN A FENCE AROUND THE SITE DURING REMEDIAL ACTIVITIES.
* INITIATE A DEED NOTIFICATION IDENTIFYING US EPA AND IEPA CONCERNS REGARDING THE CONDUCTANCE OF INTRUSIVE ACTIVITIES AT THE SITE.
 
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