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Record of Decision System (RODS)

FOLKERTSMA REFUSE

Abstract

Site Name:  FOLKERTSMA REFUSE
Address:  1426 PANNELL ROAD NORTHWEST 
City & State:  GRAND RAPIDS  MI  49504
County:  KENT
 
EPA ID:  MID980609366
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Deleted from the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-91/158
ROD Date:  06/28/1991
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  SEDIMENT GROUNDWATER
 
Contaminant:  VOCS, METALS, OTHER ORGANICS, SVOCS, PCBS, ARSENIC, CHROMIUM, NICKEL
 
Abstract:  THE 8-ACRE FOLKERTSMA REFUSE SITE IS AN INACTIVE INDUSTRIAL LANDFILL IN WALKER, KENT COUNTY, MICHIGAN. SURROUNDING LAND USE IS PRIMARILY INDUSTRIAL WITH A FEW PRIVATE RESIDENCES IN THE VICINITY. THE SITE IS PARTIALLY BORDERED BY WOODLANDS, AND MIGRATION OF CONTAMINANTS HAS IMPACTED A 100-YEAR FLOODPLAIN AND SCATTERED WETLAND AREAS OF INDIAN MILL CREEK LOCATED TO THE SOUTH. THE SITE OVERLIES SURFICIAL GLACIAL AND BEDROCK AQUIFERS, BOTH OF WHICH ARE USED FOR LOCAL DRINKING WATER SUPPLIES. ONSITE FEATURES INCLUDE AN UNCAPPED LANDFILL, A MAN-MADE CREEK AND A DRAINAGE DITCH THAT JOIN AND DISCHARGE TO INDIAN MILL CREEK, AN OFFICE BUILDING, AND THREE WAREHOUSES. PRIOR TO 1965, THE SITE WAS USED AS A MUCK FARM. FROM 1965 UNTIL 1972, INDUSTRIAL WASTES INCLUDING FOUNDRY SAND, CHEMICAL PRODUCTS, CONSTRUCTION DEBRIS, AND OTHER INDUSTRIAL WASTES WERE DISPOSED OF IN THE ONSITE LANDFILL. THE PRIMARY FILL MATERIAL IN THE LANDFILL IS FOUNDRY SAND. SINCE 1972, THE SITE HAS BEEN OPERATED AS A PALLET REPAIR AND MANUFACTURING FACILITY. IN 1984, EPA IDENTIFIED ELEVATED CONTAMINANT LEVELS IN THE ONSITE DRAINAGE DITCH SEDIMENT, BUT NOT IN ONSITE GROUND WATER. FURTHER INVESTIGATIONS IN 1985 AND 1988 CHARACTERIZED ONSITE AND OFFSITE (INDIAN MILL CREEK) CONTAMINATION, AND DETERMINED THE POTENTIAL FOR FUTURE GROUND WATER CONTAMINATION. THIS RECORD OF DECISION (ROD) ADDRESSES ENGINEERING CONTROLS FOR SOURCE MATERIAL AND MANAGEMENT OF MIGRATION OF CONTAMINATED GROUND WATER AS A FINAL REMEDY. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE LANDFILLED MATERIAL, SEDIMENT, AND GROUND WATER ARE VOCS; OTHER ORGANICS INCLUDING SVOCS AND PCBS; AND METALS INCLUDING ARSENIC, CHROMIUM, AND NICKEL.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES EXCAVATING AND DEWATERING APPROXIMATELY 1,300 CUBIC YARDS OF CONTAMINATED SEDIMENT FROM THE MAN-MADE CREEK, THE DRAINAGE DITCH, AND INDIAN MILL CREEK, AND CONSOLIDATING THESE WITHIN THE LANDFILL AREA; CAPPING THE LANDFILL AREA WITH A CLAY CAP AND REVEGETATED SOIL COVER INSTALLING PASSIVE LANDFILL GAS VENTS, IF NECESSARY; CONVERTING THE MAN-MADE CREEK AND THE DRAINAGE DITCH TO PERMEABLE SUBSURFACE DRAINS TO PROVIDE FOR LANDFILL SURFACE DRAINAGE; MONITORING GROUND WATER AND SURFACE WATER; AND IMPLEMENTING INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS SUCH AS DEED AND GROUND WATER USE RESTRICTIONS, AS WELL AS SITE ACCESS RESTRICTIONS SUCH AS FENCING. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $1,500,000, WHICH INCLUDES AN ANNUAL O&M COST OF $58,000 FOR THE FIRST YEAR. O&M COSTS FOR SUBSEQUENT YEARS WERE NOT PROVIDED.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS; THE REMEDIAL ACTION IS DESIGNED TO REDUCE THE EXCESS LIFETIME CANCER RISK TO THE (10-4) TO (10-6) LEVEL AND THE NONCARCINOGENIC HI LT 1. CHEMICAL-SPECIFIC CLEANUP GOALS WERE NOT PROVIDED.
 
Remedy:  THIS FINAL REMEDY PROVIDES FOR THE CONTAINMENT OF THE LARGE VOLUME OF LOW LEVEL ORGANIC AND INORGANIC WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINED IN THE LANDFILL AND THE CONTAMINATED MUCK DEPOSIT BENEATH THE LANDFILL; CONSOLIDATION OF THE CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS OF THE UNNAMED CREEK, DRAINAGE DITCH, AND INDIAN MILL CREEK ON THE LANDFILL; AND MONITORING OF THE CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER BENEATH THE SITE. THE RISKS POSED BY THE SITE WILL BE ELIMINATED OR REDUCED THROUGH ENGINEERING AND INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS.

THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDY INCLUDE;
* EXCAVATE, DEWATER, AND CONSOLIDATE ON TOP OF THE LANDFILLED MATERIALS APPROXIMATELY 1,300 CUBIC YARDS OF CONTAMINATED SEDIMENT FROM THE UNNAMED CREEK, DRAINAGE DITCH, AND INDIAN MILL CREEK;
* CONVERT THE UNNAMED CREEK AND DRAINAGE DITCH INTO PERMEABLE UNDERGROUND DRAINS TO PROVIDE FOR CONTINUED SITE DRAINAGE;
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN A CAP OVER THE CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS AND LANDFILLED AREAS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT SUBTITLE D AND MICHIGAN ACT 641;
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN PASSIVE GAS VENTS ON EACH SIDE OF THE LANDFILL TO PREVENT THE BUILDUP OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS AND METHANE IF NECESSARY;
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN A LAYER OF TOPSOIL AND A VEGETATIVE COVERING OVER THE LANDFILLED AREAS;
* INSTALL AND MAINTAIN A FENCE AROUND THE SITE;
* IMPOSE INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS SUCH AS DEED RESTRICTIONS TO PREVENT THE INSTALLATION OF DRINKING WATER WELLS WITHIN THE LANDFILLED PORTION OF THE SITE AND FUTURE DISTURBANCE OF THE CAP AND LANDFILLED MATERIALS;
* IMPLEMENT LONG-TERM GROUNDWATER AND DRAINAGE WATER MONITORING PROGRAMS TO ENSURE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE REMEDIAL ACTION.
 
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