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Record of Decision System (RODS)

AUTO ION CHEMICALS, INC.

Abstract

Site Name:  AUTO ION CHEMICALS, INC.
Address:  74 MILL STREET 
City & State:  KALAMAZOO  MI  49006
County:  KALAMAZOO
 
EPA ID:  MID980794382
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-94/265
ROD Date:  09/23/1994
Operable Unit(s):  02
 
Media:  groundwater
 
Contaminant:  Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds (SVOCs)
 
Abstract:  Please note that the text in this document summarizes the Record of Decision for the purposes of facilitating searching and retrieving key text on the ROD. It is not the officially approved abstract drafted by the EPA Regional offices. Once EPA Headquarters receives the official abstract, this text will be replaced.

The Auto-Ion site is located at 74 Mills Street in a commercial/industrial district of northeast Kalamazoo. The site covers approximately 1.5 acres and is located along the north bank of the Kalamazoo River.

The City of Kalamazoo operated a coal burning electrical generating station at the site between 1914 and 1956. The Auto Ion Chemical Company purchased the property in 1964 and operated a waste treatment facility for electroplating wastes. Waste treatment operations included cyanide destruction and precipitation of heavy metals. Heavy metal sludge was later placed in an on-site lagoon. During these operations, poor waste handling practices caused the State of Michigan to refuse to renew Auto Ion's license to operate in 1973. The facility was then abandoned by the Auto Ion Co.

In 1985, EPA entered into an agreement with the Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) for the Auto Ion site to conduct a removal action at the abandoned facility. The removal action consisted of containerized and off-site disposal of hazardous materials (i.e. plating wastes). In 1986, the building was razed by the City of Kalamazoo.

Pursuant to a June 18, 1986, Administrative Order by Consent between EPA and a group of 23 PRPs, a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) was conducted by the PRPs in 1987 and placed in the Administrative Record on August 7, 1989. The RI included the collection of soil, sediment, groundwater and surface water samples from the site and the adjacent Kalamazoo River.

This ROD pertains to the second OU, the contaminated sediment on-site. In 1992, a Sediment Toxicity Evaluation was conducted by the PRPs to determine what, if any, impact to biota was occurring in the Kalamazoo River as a result of groundwater discharges.
 
Remedy:  Pursuant to a June 18, 1986, Administrative Order by Consent between EPA and a group of 23 PRPs, a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) was conducted by the PRPs in 1987 and placed in the Administrative Record on August 7, 1989. The RI included the collection of soil, sediment, groundwater and surface water samples from the site and the adjacent Kalamazoo River.

This ROD pertains to the second OU, the contaminated sediment on-site. In 1992, a Sediment Toxicity Evaluation was conducted by the PRPs to determine what, if any, impact to biota was occurring in the Kalamazoo River as a result of groundwater discharges.
 
Text:  View full-text ROD [ 40K ]
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