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Record of Decision System (RODS)

FULTZ LANDFILL

Abstract

Site Name:  FULTZ LANDFILL
Address:  CO RD 52 
City & State:  JACKSON TOWNSHIP  OH  43723
County:  GUERNSEY
 
EPA ID:  OHD980794630
EPA Region:  05
 
NPL Status:  Currently on the Final NPL
 
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/ROD/R05-91/183
ROD Date:  09/30/1991
Operable Unit(s):  01
 
Media:  SOIL SEDIMENT DEBRIS GROUNDWATER SURFACE WATER
 
Contaminant:  VOCS, BENZENE, PCE, TCE, TOLUENE, XYLENES, OTHER ORGANICS, PAHS, PHENOLS, METALS, ARSENIC, CHROMIUM, LEAD, OTHER INORGANICS
 
Abstract:  THE 30-ACRE FULTZ LANDFILL SITE IS A PRIVATELY OWNED INACTIVE SANITARY LANDFILL ON THE NORTH SLOPE OF A RIDGE THAT OVERLIES ABANDONED COAL MINES IN JACKSON TOWNSHIP, GUERNSEY COUNTY, OHIO. LAND USE IN THE VICINITY OF THE SITE IS PRIMARILY RURAL TO THE SOUTH, NORTH, AND EAST; AND RESIDENTIAL AND LIGHT INDUSTRIAL TO THE WEST. THE SITE LIES WITHIN THE DRAINAGE BASIN OF WILLS CREEK, WHICH FLOWS NORTH ADJACENT TO THE SITE AND IS USED BY THE CITY OF CAMBRIDGE AS THE MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY. THE NORTHERN HALF OF THE LANDFILL LIES IN AN UNRECLAIMED STRIP MINE WHERE SURFACE MINE SPOIL AND NATURAL SOIL FORM A SHALLOW AQUIFER. THE SOUTHERN HALF OF THE LANDFILL LIES 25 TO 80 FEET ABOVE AN ABANDONED FLOODED UNDERGROUND MINE IN THE SAME COAL SEAM AS THE STRIP MINE. THE FLOODED UNDERGROUND MINE FORMS AN AQUIFER, WHICH ALSO IS UTILIZED FOR DRINKING WATER. SIX PONDS, DESIGNATED AS WETLANDS, ARE LOCATED ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE LANDFILL IN THE AREA OF UNRECLAIMED STRIP MINE SPOIL. SURFACE WATER RUNOFF AND LEACHATE FROM THE LANDFILL COLLECT IN SEVERAL OF THESE PONDS. FROM 1958 TO 1968, THE LANDFILL WAS OPERATED AS AN OPEN DUMP. IN 1969, THE SITE WAS LICENSED BY THE COUNTY AND BEGAN TO ACCEPT HOUSEHOLD, COMMERCIAL, AND INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE. DURING THE 1970'S, THE LANDFILL OPERATOR WAS CITED FOR VARIOUS VIOLATIONS INCLUDING INADEQUATE DAILY COVER OF WASTE, RECEIVING UNAUTHORIZED WASTE, LEACHATE RUNOFF, BLOWING DEBRIS, AND OPEN DUMPING; AND IN 1985, ONSITE LANDFILL OPERATIONS CEASED. DISPOSAL RECORDS SHOW THAT AN ESTIMATED 6,240 DRUMS CONTAINING CHLORINATED AND NON-CHLORINATED SOLVENTS AND PLATING SLUDGE WERE DISPOSED OF IN THE LANDFILL. RECORDS ALSO SHOW THAT DRUMMED LIQUID AND SEMI-LIQUID WASTES WERE DISPOSED OF ONSITE, AND SOME OF THE SOLVENTS WERE POURED DIRECTLY ONTO THE GROUND AND BURNED. INVESTIGATIONS IN 1988 BY EPA INDICATED THAT GROUND WATER AND LEACHATE CONTAMINANTS EMANATING FROM THE SITE HAVE CONTAMINATED THE SHALLOW AQUIFER AND, TO A LESSER EXTENT, THE DEEP MINE AQUIFER. THIS RECORD OF DECISION (ROD) ADDRESSES ALL CONTAMINATED MEDIA, AND PROVIDES A FINAL REMEDY FOR THE SITE. THE PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AFFECTING THE SOIL, SEDIMENT, DEBRIS, GROUND WATER, AND SURFACE WATER ARE VOCS INCLUDING BENZENE, PCE, TCE, TOLUENE, AND XYLENES; OTHER ORGANICS INCLUDING PAHS AND PHENOLS; METALS INCLUDING ARSENIC, CHROMIUM, AND LEAD; AND OTHER INORGANICS.

THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THIS SITE INCLUDES CONSTRUCTING A CONTAINMENT BERM AND CAPPING THE ENTIRE 30 ACRES OF THE LANDFILL WITH A MULTI-LAYER CAP; INSTALLING STRUCTURAL SUPPORTS FOR VOIDS IN THE UNDERGROUND MINE TO PREVENT CAP DAMAGE BY SUBSIDENCE; CONSTRUCTING AN ONSITE TREATMENT PLANT AND LEACHATE COLLECTION SYSTEM; PUMPING AND ONSITE TREATMENT OF CONTAMINATED GROUND WATER AND LEACHATE USING OXIDATION AND PRECIPITATION TO REMOVE METALS, AND FILTRATION AND CARBON ADSORPTION TO REMOVE ORGANICS, OR USING ANOTHER TREATMENT BASED ON THE OUTCOME OF A BENCH-SCALE TREATABILITY STUDY; DISCHARGING THE TREATED EFFLUENT ONSITE TO SURFACE WATER; REGENERATING SPENT CARBON OR DISPOSING OF THE CARBON OFFSITE; DISPOSING OF SLUDGE RESULTING FROM THE TREATMENT PLANT PROCESSES OFFSITE; CONSTRUCTING SURFACE WATER AND SEDIMENT CONTROLS TO DIVERT RUNOFF AWAY FROM THE LANDFILL; MITIGATING AFFECTED WETLANDS; PROVIDING AN ALTERNATE WATER SUPPLY FOR CONTAMINATED RESIDENTIAL WELLS BY CONNECTING THESE HOMES TO A MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY; MONITORING SOIL, SEDIMENT, GROUND WATER, AND AIR; AND IMPLEMENTING INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS INCLUDING DEED RESTRICTIONS TO LIMIT GROUND WATER AND LAND USE, AND SITE ACCESS RESTRICTIONS INCLUDING FENCING. THE ESTIMATED PRESENT WORTH COST FOR THIS REMEDIAL ACTION IS $19,480,700, WHICH INCLUDES AN ANNUAL O&M COST OF $218,000 FOR 30 YEARS.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS OR GOALS; FOR GROUND WATER REMEDIATION, SITE-RELATED CONTAMINANTS THAT APPEAR UPGRADIENT WILL BE REDUCED TO THEIR RESPECTIVE BACKGROUND CONCENTRATIONS. OTHER NON-BACKGROUND CONTAMINANTS WILL BE REDUCED TO SDWA MCLS, OR TO A CUMULATIVE CARCINOGENIC RISK NO GREATER THAN (10-6) OR AN HI LESS THAN 1. DISCHARGE OF TREATED LEACHATE AND GROUND WATER MUST MEET CWA AND STATE REQUIREMENTS. CHEMICAL-SPECIFIC REMEDIATION GOALS WERE NOT PROVIDED.
 
Remedy:  THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION FOR THE FULTZ LANDFILL SITE ADDRESSES THE SOURCE OF CONTAMINATION BY CONTAINING THE LANDFILL CONTENTS AND TREATING CONTAMINATED GROUND WATER AND LEACHATE. THIS IS THE FIRST AND FINAL REMEDY FOR THE FULTZ LANDFILL SITE.

THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION INCLUDE;
* INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS WILL BE SOUGHT TO REDUCE EXPOSURE TO SITE CONTAMINANTS THROUGH LEGAL RESTRICTIONS. IN THE EVENT THAT INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS ARE NOT IMPLEMENTED, THE SELECTED REMEDIAL ACTION WILL BE REEVALUATED TO DETERMINE IF ADDITIONAL ACTIONS SHOULD BE IMPLEMENTED TO ENSURE THAT THE REMEDY IS PERMANENT AND EFFECTIVE ON THE LONG TERM BASIS.
* SITE FENCE APPROXIMATELY 10,000 FEET IN LENGTH, TO REDUCE DIRECT EXPOSURE TO SURFACE CONTAMINATION.
* ALTERNATE WATER SUPPLY FOR DOWNGRADIENT RESIDENTIAL WELLS IF FOUND TO PRESENT AN UNACCEPTABLE RISK, ATTRIBUTED TO THE SITE.
* LONG TERM MONITORING OF AIR, SURFACE AND GROUND WATER, LEACHATE, AND SEDIMENTS.
* SUBSURFACE STRUCTURAL SUPPORTS FOR MINE VOIDS, TO PREVENT CAP DAMAGE BY SUBSIDENCE, AND REDUCE BEDROCK FRACTURING BETWEEN THE LANDFILL AND COAL MINE AQUIFER.
* SURFACE WATER AND SEDIMENT CONTROLS TO ELIMINATE STANDING WATER AND DIVERT RUNOFF AWAY FROM THE LANDFILL.
* BERM AND MULTI-LAYER CAP TO REDUCE INFILTRATION, PREVENT EROSION, AND REDUCE HUMAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RISKS FROM DIRECT CONTACT WITH CONTAMINATED MATERIALS.
* LEACHATE COLLECTION SYSTEM TO REDUCE THE PRINCIPAL RISK BY REMOVING LEACHATE, WHICH IS CURRENTLY FLOWING FROM THE LANDFILL AT APPROXIMATELY 2 GALLONS PER MINUTE (GPM),
* EXTRACTION WELL SYSTEM TO REDUCE THE PRINCIPAL RISK BY INTERCEPTING CONTAMINATED GROUND WATER MIGRATING FROM THE LANDFILL THROUGH THE SHALLOW AQUIFER AND INTO THE COAL MINE AQUIFER.
* ON-SITE WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM TO ECONOMICALLY TREAT SIX MILLION GALLONS OF CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER WHICH IS CURRENTLY BEING PRODUCED ANNUALLY, AND LEACHATE. IT WILL BE MOST COST EFFECTIVE TO TREAT LEACHATE IN THE SAME SYSTEM USED TO TREAT GROUND WATER, RATHER THAN HAUL IT OFF-SITE.
* DISCHARGE OF TREATED WATER TO SURFACE WATER WILL BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUBSTANTIVE REQUIREMENTS OF THE NATIONAL POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM (NPDES) PERMIT.
* WETLANDS REPLACEMENT PLAN WHICH WILL RESTORE THE PONDS AND SURROUNDING HABITAT DISTURBED DURING REMEDIAL ACTION ACTIVITIES.
 
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