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Record of Decision System (RODS)



Site Name:  H & K SALES
City & State:  BELDING  MI  48809
County:  IONIA
EPA ID:  MI0001271535
EPA Region:  05
NPL Status:  Deleted from the Final NPL
ROD Type:  Record of Decision
ROD ID:  EPA/541/R-98/158
ROD Date:  11/04/1997
Operable Unit(s):  01
Media:  Air
Contaminant:  Radioactive
Abstract:  Please note that the text in this document summarizes the Record of Decision for the purposes of facilitating searching and retrieving key text on the ROD. It is not the officially approved abstract drafted by the EPA Regional offices. Once EPA Headquarters receives the official abstract, this text will be replaced.

The Belding Warehouse facility is located on several acres in a commercial section of Belding, Michigan, and is bounded by the Flat River, the C&O Railroad, and by Main and Bridge Streets. Several schools, a hospital, and many residences are located within a one-mile radius around the site and an estimated 6000 people live within this area. The H&K Sales site is that portion of the Belding Warehouse facility in which World War II (WWII)-era military aircraft gauges and components had been stored since 1994. Some of the aircraft gauges are marked with a luminescent paint containing a naturally-occurring, but hazardous radionuclide. Investigations have shown that the luminescent paint is beginning to deteriorate into a powder, creating a concern that it could leak out of the aircraft gauges into the environment or create an inhalation risk to anyone who handles them.

The source of the radium-painted aircraft components at the site was a business which originally purchased the items in the late 1940's as military surplus for later resale. The owners of the company died in the early 1990's. The main warehouse building was then sold along with the contents including the aircraft components. A large portion of the inventory was then sold to another Michigan firm (H & K Sales, Inc.) and was moved into the Belding Warehouse facility in early 1994. The Michigan Department of Public Health, Division of Radiological Health (MDEQ) conducted an investigation in late September 1994 and estimated that thousands of radium-painted gauges and other aircraft components were packed in wooden crates inside part of the facility.
Following the discovery of ambient gamma radiation dose rate readings within some of the rooms at over 700 times the naturally occurring background level of radiation in Michigan, MDEQ requested immediate assistance from United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). In October 1994, US EPA and MDEQ conducted a radiological survey at the site and confirmed MDEQ's initial findings. Next, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), in response to a request for consultation from U.S. EPA, recorded its observations about the site during a site health advisory in June 1995. In July 1995, U.S. EPA Region 5 sent a National Priorities List (NPL) listing package for the site to Headquarters. U.S. EPA and MDEQ conducted a detailed site inspection in February 1996 to support an Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis (EE/CA) and removal action. A "No Further Action" Record of Decision (ROD) was completed in November 1997. Now that the removal action is complete and no further Superfund action is necessary, U.S. EPA will evaluate liability evidence and seek cost recovery to the extent practicable.
Remedy:  The removal action has removed all radioactive material off-site, disposed of the material in appropriate regulated facilities outside of the state of Michigan, and completed decontamination of the warehouse building. Thus, no additional response activities are necessary to address this Superfund site.

Estimated Capital Costs: $0
Estimated Annual O&M Costs: $0
Estimated Present Worth Costs: $0
Text:  View full-text ROD [ 42K ]
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