68TH STREET DUMP/INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES
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The 68th Street Site encompasses several landfills spread over a 239-acre area in Rosedale, Baltimore County, Maryland. From the 1950s through the 1970s, these landfills accepted industrial and commercial wastes containing hazardous wastes, which contaminated soil, sediment, groundwater, surface water and wetland areas.
What Has Been Done to Clean Up the Site?
In September 1953, Mr. Robb Tyler was issued a permit by the Maryland State Health Department allowing him to operate a sanitary landfill on the site property. Operations included the landfilling of industrial and commercial refuse.
EPA and Maryland have been involved in cleanup activities at the site for several years. In the 1980s, the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) conducted several emergency cleanup actions that included removing more than 50 of the 55-gallon drums of assorted waste. In the Spring of 2000, EPA conducted an Expanded Site Inspection, with follow-up sampling in February 2001. In 2008, under an EPA consent order, several parties removed contaminated surface soils, containers, gas cylinders, empty drums and batteries from the site.
A Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) was completed in March 2013. The RI/FS evaluated the extent of contamination and developed alternatives to clean up the Site.
On September 30, 2013, EPA selected the final cleanup plan in a Record of Decision (ROD), which will be financed and completed pursuant to a settlement with more than 40 parties to clean up hazardous waste contamination. The cleanup plan includes, among other requirements:
- Installing a soil cap over contaminated soil and landfill areas;
- Excavating and removing contaminated soil hotspots and pond sediment;
- Removing and recycling surface debris;
- Collecting and treating leachate and contaminated groundwater from the landfills through enhanced wetlands, a biowall, and treatment at a local wastewater treatment facility; and
- Restoring stream banks and revegetating the capped landfills with trees, shrubs and other native vegetation.
A Consent Decree was completed between EPA and the PRPs in November 2017 to perform the remedial design and remedial action.
What Is the Current Site Status?
In October 2017, EPA announced a settlement with more than 40 parties to clean up hazardous waste contamination at the 68th Street Dump/Industrial Enterprises Superfund Site in Baltimore County, Maryland. The Consent Decree was signed on November 28, 2017 and is now effective.
Under terms of the consent decree filed in federal court in Baltimore, the parties are responsible to finance and perform a $51.5 million EPA-approved cleanup, perform additional natural resources restoration work, and pay the state and federal natural resource trustees $490,000 for past and future costs related to natural resource damages. Defendants are also required to pay $630,000 for an off-site restoration project.
The 12 parties that are responsible for performing the cleanup include:
AAI Corporation; Acme Markets Inc.; AK Steel Corporation; Browning-Ferris, Inc.; Black & Decker (U.S.) Inc.; Brunswick Corporation; ConAgra Grocery Products Company, LLC; Crown Cork & Seal Company, Inc.; CSX Realty Development, LLC; CSX Transportation, Inc.; Exxon Mobil Corporation and Illinois Tool Works Inc.
Along with these 12 parties, the other remaining parties contributed about $18.8 million towards the settlement.
The Site is now in the remedial design process, where detailed cleanup plans are being developed. The design phase will take approximately two years and when the design is final, the cleanup will begin. These plans will be implemented during the remedial action stage, which involves the actual construction and implementation of the site cleanup.