Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

Superfund Site:


Cleanup Activities

On this page:

On related pages:


The 8,200-acre Fort Eustis (US Army) site is located in Newport News, Virginia. An active Army installation operates at the site, which is located on a peninsula formed by the Warwick and James Rivers. The Installation was originally established during World War I as a training center for Coast Artillery Corps units and a balloonist school. Since that time, site uses have included a federal correction camp, a Works Progress Administration facility, a National Youth Administration facility, a bombing range for Langley Air Force Base, an anti-aircraft training facility, a prisoner-of-war camp and a transportation training center. Activities contaminated soil, sediment, surface water and groundwater with hazardous chemicals. Remedial actions have been completed for the DOL Storage Area, Browns Lake, Oil/Sludge Holding Pond, Milstead Island Creek and Eustis Lake operable units (OUs). Remedial investigations and remedy construction are ongoing at the site’s other 11 OUs.

Top of Page

What Is Being Done to Clean Up the Site?

The site is being addressed through federal actions.

EPA conducts five-year reviews of the site’s remedy. These reviews ensure that the remedies put in place protect public health and the environment, and function as intended by site decision documents. The most recent review concluded that response actions at the OUs where remedy construction is complete are in accordance with the remedy selected by EPA and that the remedy continues to be protective of human health and the environment.

Top of Page

What Is the Current Site Status?

EPA and the Army signed a Federal Facilities Agreement (FFA) in March 2008. The FFA describes the procedures under which the Army and EPA will investigate and remediate site contamination.

EPA has selected remedies for five of the site’s operable units (OUs). The site’s long-term remedies included construction of a landfill cap; vegetation monitoring; excavation and disposal of contaminated sludge, soil and sediment; construction of a stormwater retention pond; and institutional controls.

As of December 2017, actions continue to study vapor intrusion (VI) which  is potentially an issue at the Fire Fighting Training Area (OU6) due to the presence of volatile organics in the groundwater beneath this site.  Landfill 7 (OU9) and Landfill 1 (OU10) were previously capped or covered; however, no remedy was selected via a Record of Decision (ROD). Additional investigation is ongoing to collect sufficient data to evaluate all exposure pathways and evaluate risk to determine what, if any, additional action needs to be taken. The Former Skeet and Trap Range (Upland and Wetland Areas) are in the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) phase to define the nature and extent of lead and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon contamination. Additionally, munitions and explosives of concern present the potential for human exposure risk at Langley Field Gunnery Range, Bombing Target H, Camp Wallace Firing Fan, Skeet Range, and Skeet Range TD. The Air Force is investigating these sites under the Military Munitions Response Program. Exposure information will be evaluated as the investigations are completed, and appropriate action will be taken to address any unacceptable exposures.

Top of Page

Emergency Response and Removal

Cleanup has also included several removal actions, or short-term cleanups, to address immediate threats to human health and the environment. These actions have included removing and disposing of contaminated sediment and soil; draining Brown’s Lake; excavating sediments from the upper drainage ditch; placing sediments in the deeper portion of the lake; capping the bottom of the lake with two feet of clean fill; and restoring the lake and restocking it with fish.

Top of Page