Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

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The 3-acre Distler Farm site is located in West Point, Kentucky. The site includes an area where Kentucky Liquid Recycling, Inc. disposed of industrial wastes in the 1970s. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency placed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated groundwater and soil resulting from waste handling practices. EPA and the Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection (KDEP) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. By treating and monitoring groundwater and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA and KDEP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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What Has Been Done to Clean Up the Site?

The 3-acre site is located on U.S. Route 60/31 West (Dixie Highway), one mile northeast of West Point in Jefferson County, Kentucky. The site is located on part of a larger 27-acre property, which is an open field. U.S. Route 60/31 West borders the site to the north and west. The Ohio Valley Raceway racetrack borders the site to the east and south. Stump Gap Creek runs through the site property. Undeveloped agricultural land is located southwest and northeast of the site. Several residences and the Ohio River are located northwest of the site, across U.S. Route 60/31 West. The Distler Brickyard Superfund site is located two miles south of the site. During the 1970s, Kentucky Liquid Recycling, Inc. stored and disposed of industrial chemical wastes at the site. In 1983, the U.S. EPA listed the site on the NPL. Currently, the site is not in use.

  • EPA led site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with KDEP. In 2002, KDEP took over cleanup activities as well as operation and maintenance activities at the site.
  • During an inspection in 1977, EPA found 600 drums of waste at the site.
  • Following Ohio River flooding in 1978, EPA found more than 800 additional drums at the site. EPA also found several waste burial locations. EPA and KDEP removed 120 drums and more than 2,600 small containers of hazardous wastes, disposing of them at an off-site facility.
  • In 1988, EPA found additional drums while constructing a site access road. The drums contained medical and laboratory waste, herbicides, solvents, solids and lab pack materials. EPA removed 25 drums as well as about 150 square feet of contaminated soil to a depth of 15-feet.
  • EPA found additional drums containing hospital wastes and removed the drums and surrounding contaminated soil. EPA also conducted final cleanup activities, which included digging up 300 tons of soil, incinerating the soil at an off-site facility, backfilling the dug-up areas with clean soil and seeding the backfilled areas with grass.
  • In 1989, EPA installed a groundwater treatment system at the site, including extraction wells, pipes and a temporary storage tank.
  • EPA was responsible for groundwater treatment between 1991 and 2001.
  • In 2002, KDEP assumed responsibility for site cleanup activities, including the treatment of groundwater.
  • EPA has conducted several Five-Year Reviews of the site’s remedy. These reviews ensure that the remedies put in place protect public health and the environment, and function as intended by site decision documents. The most recent review, completed in 2008, concluded that response actions at the site are in accordance with the remedy selected by EPA and that the remedy continues to be protective of human health and the environment in the short term.
  • Continued protectiveness of the remedy requires KDEP to monitor the site and collect additional data for one year, evaluate the need for institutional controls at the site, continue operation and maintenance activities, and post signs to identify the site and unsecured wells.

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What Is the Current Site Status?

The most recent Five Year Review was published by EPA HQs in 2018. The remedy at the Site currently protects human health and the environment because there are currently no completed exposure pathways.

The site’s long-term remedy, selected in 1986, included digging up and removing contaminated soil, disposing of contaminated soil at an off-site landfill, backfilling dug-up areas with clean soil, grading and revegetating the backfilled areas, extracting and storing contaminated groundwater on site for treatment, treating contaminated groundwater on site and discharging treated water to the local water treatment facility, injecting uncontaminated water into the groundwater aquifer, and operation and maintenance activities.

  • EPA updated the long-term remedy in 1988 to require cleanup of soil and groundwater to health-based criteria levels.
  • KDEP continues to monitor ground water and collect ground water data. EPA plans to evaluate the data and determine the site’s status.
  • EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2013. 
  • KDEP conducted sampling in 2015, and sampling results demonstrated that the groundwater remediation goal had been achieved.
  • The next step is to recommend the site for delisting

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Enforcement Information

Enforcing environmental laws is a central part of EPA’s mission to protect human health and the environment. When warranted, EPA will take civil or criminal enforcement action against violators of environmental laws.

The EPA is using federal funds for site cleanup activities.

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