Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

Superfund Site:

GEIGER (C & M OIL)
HOLLYWOOD, SC

Cleanup Activities

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Background

The 1.5-acre Geiger (C & M Oil) site is located in Hollywood, South Carolina. It includes the area where operations stored and incinerated waste oil from 1969 to 1974. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency placed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984 because of contaminated groundwater and soil resulting from facility operations. EPA and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By monitoring the site, placing institutional controls on the site property and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA and SCDHEC continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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What Has Been Done to Clean Up the Site?

The 1.5-acre site is located on Highway 162 in Hollywood (formerly Rantowles), 10 miles west of Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina. The site includes a triangular area of land. Two ponds and a forested area border the site. The site’s broader surroundings include forested areas and rural residential areas. From 1969 to 1974, Adams Run Services, Inc. incinerated waste oil at the site. Operations used eight unlined on-site lagoons to hold waste oil. In 1984, the EPA listed the site on the NPL. Currently, Pile Drivers, Inc. owns the site property and operates an office and stores equipment on site. The site can support industrial land uses.

  • EPA led site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with SCDHEC. SCDHEC leads site operation and maintenance activities.
  • In 1993 and 1994, EPA stabilized and solidified contaminated soil at the site.
  • In 2004, EPA installed and sampled temporary wells to evaluate groundwater contamination. EPA also abandoned and decommissioned several wells where the Agency did not identify contamination.
  • The site’s third and fourth Five-Year Review, completed in 2009 and 2014, respectively, found that the cleanup protects people and the environment in the short term. Continued protectiveness of the remedy requires additional work in order for the cleanup to be protective over the long term.
  • EPA is following-up on the Five-Year Review recommendations and continues to monitor site conditions. EPA plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2019.

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What Is the Current Site Status?

The fourth Five Year Review was published in 2014. The remedy at the Site is protective of human health and the environment.

  • In 1987, EPA issued the cleanup plan for the site. It included using an on-site pump-and-treat system to address contaminated groundwater and discharging treated groundwater. In addition, the plan included digging up, stabilizing, solidifying and treating contaminated soil, followed by backfilling the treated soil into dug-up areas.
  • In 1993, EPA revised the cleanup plan for soil, removing on-site treatment of contaminated soil as part of the cleanup.
  • In 1998, EPA revised the groundwater remedy, changing groundwater treatment to monitored natural attenuation.
  • EPA continues to monitor site conditions. SCDHEC continues to conduct operation and maintenance activities at the site.
  • EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2014 and found that the cleanup protects people and the environment in the short term.
  • EPA plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2019.

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Enforcement Information

Enforcing environmental laws is a central part of EPA’s mission to protect human health and the environment. When warranted, EPA will take civil or criminal enforcement action against violators of environmental laws.

EPA initially used federal funds for site cleanup activities. In 2000, the EPA entered into a legal agreement with potentially responsible parties (PRPs) Charleston Packaging Co. and Textron Inc. This agreement resulted in the reimbursement of $55,654 to the Superfund program and placement of $5,626 into a special account for future site cleanup actions. In 2000, the EPA also entered into legal agreement with the remaining PRPs. This agreement resulted in the reimbursement of $5,295,156 to the Superfund program and the placement of $535,249 into a special account for future site cleanup actions.

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