Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

Superfund Site:


Cleanup Activities

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The 11-acre C & R Battery Company site is located near the James River in Chesterfield County, Virginia. Between the early 1970s and 1985, C&R Battery Co., Inc. used the site to dismantle batteries from cars, trucks and commercial applications in order to recover lead and lead oxide. The process involved cutting open batteries and draining acid into on-site ponds. These practices contaminated soil, sediment and surface water with lead and other hazardous chemicals. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in July 1987. Following soil and sediment cleanup, groundwater at the site was monitored until 2016.

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What Is Being Done to Clean Up the Site?

The site is being addressed through federal, state and potentially responsible party (PRP) actions.

EPA oversaw the PRP’s cleanup of the site contamination. Soil and sediment cleanup efforts have been completed and currently there is no sign of contamination from the site in nearby surface water. The James River wetlands, approximately three miles downstream, are also free of site contaminants. These wetlands are used for recreational purposes. Soil sampling confirmed that the cleanup was effective.  In 2017, EPA concluded that the acidity of groundwater at the site is consistent with background conditions and that groundwater monitoring is no longer required.  Implementation of land and groundwater use restrictions will be required to ensure the continued protectiveness of the remedy.

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What Is the Current Site Status?

Site cleanup activities included excavation of lead-contaminated soil and sediment, solidification and stabilization of the contaminated soil and sediment; disposal of the stabilized material in a nearby solid waste landfill; site grading; placement of clean topsoil over the entire site and replanting of the site. Soil and sediment cleanup activities took place between 1992 and 1993. EPA is currently working with stakeholders to put land and groundwater use restrictions in place.

The fourth Five-Year Review of the Site was completed in September 2013. Based on this assessment of the site, EPA concluded that the remedy is protective in the short term because, as result of the cleanup, no one is currently exposed to contamination that could pose an unacceptable risk.  However, land and groundwater use restrictions are necessary to ensure the remedy remains protective of human health and the environment over the long term. 

The next Five-Year Review will take place in 2018.

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Emergency Response and Removal

Cleanup has also included removal actions, or short-term cleanups, to address immediate threats to human health and the environment. Actions in 1986 included mixing soils and pools of acid with lime to reduce acidity; excavating and storing some soil on site; and installing drainage controls, a cap and a fence to restrict direct access to contaminated areas of the site.

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