FORT EUSTIS (US ARMY)
NEWPORT NEWS, VA
On this page:
- What Is Being Done to Clean Up the Site?
- What Is the Current Site Status?
- Emergency Response and Removal
- Operable Units (opens new page)
- Cleanup Progress (opens new page)
The 8,200-acre Fort Eustis (US Army) site is located in Newport News, Virginia. An active Army installation operates at the site, which is located on a peninsula formed by the Warwick and James Rivers. The Installation was originally established during World War I as a training center for Coast Artillery Corps units and a balloonist school. Since that time, site uses have included a federal correction camp, a Works Progress Administration facility, a National Youth Administration facility, a bombing range for Langley Air Force Base, an anti-aircraft training facility, a prisoner-of-war camp and a transportation training center. Activities contaminated soil, sediment, surface water and groundwater with hazardous chemicals. Remedial actions have been completed for the DOL Storage Area, Browns Lake, Oil/Sludge Holding Pond, Milstead Island Creek and Eustis Lake operable units (OUs). Remedial investigations and remedy construction are ongoing at the site’s other 11 OUs.
What Is Being Done to Clean Up the Site?
The site is being addressed through federal actions.
EPA conducts five-year reviews of the site’s remedy. These reviews ensure that the remedies put in place protect public health and the environment, and function as intended by site decision documents. The most recent review concluded that response actions at the OUs where remedy construction is complete are in accordance with the remedy selected by EPA and that the remedy continues to be protective of human health and the environment.
What Is the Current Site Status?
EPA and the Army signed a Federal Facilities Agreement (FFA) in March 2008. The FFA describes the procedures under which the Army and EPA will investigate and remediate site contamination.
EPA has selected remedies for five of the site’s OUs. The site’s long-term remedies included construction of a landfill cap; vegetation monitoring; excavation and disposal of contaminated sludge, soil and sediment; construction of a stormwater retention pond; and institutional controls.
Emergency Response and Removal
Cleanup has also included several removal actions, or short-term cleanups, to address immediate threats to human health and the environment. These actions have included removing and disposing of contaminated sediment and soil; draining Brown’s Lake; excavating sediments from the upper drainage ditch; placing sediments in the deeper portion of the lake; capping the bottom of the lake with two feet of clean fill; and restoring the lake and restocking it with fish.
During cleanup, a site can be divided into a number of distinct areas depending on its complexity. These areas, called operable units (OUs), may address geographic areas, specific problems, or areas where a specific action is required. Examples of typical operable units include construction of a groundwater pump and treatment system or construction of a cap over a landfill.