BAILEY WASTE DISPOSAL
BRIDGE CITY, TX
On this page:
- What Is Being Done to Clean Up the Site?
- What Is the Current Site Status?
- EPA’s Involvement at the Site
- Activity and Use Limitations
- Sampling and Monitoring
- Operable Units (opens new page)
- Cleanup Progress (opens new page)
The 280-acre Bailey Waste Disposal site is located in Bridge City, Texas. The site owner constructed two ponds on site in the early 1950s as part of the Bailey Fish Camp. The fish camp operated at the site until 1961, when Hurricane Carla introduced saline waters into the ponds, killing the freshwater fish. Disposal of industrial and municipal waste took place near the ponds until 1971. Waste disposal activities contaminated groundwater, surface water and soil. Following construction of the site’s remedy, EPA took the site off the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 2007. Operation and maintenance activities are ongoing.
What Is Being Done to Clean Up the Site?
The site is being addressed through federal, state and potentially responsible party (PRP) actions. Over 156,000 cubic yards of hazardous materials have been addressed to prevent direct contact and off-site migration.
EPA has conducted several five-year reviews of the site’s remedy. These reviews ensure that the remedies put in place protect public health and the environment, and function as intended by site decision documents. The most recent review concluded that response actions at the site are in accordance with the remedy selected by EPA and that the remedy continues to be protective of human health and the environment in the short term. Continued protectiveness of the remedy requires ongoing maintenance of the caps.
What Is the Current Site Status?
The long-term remedy included consolidation of contaminated sediment, in-place stabilization of waste, construction of a cover over the stabilized waste, construction of a wastewater treatment plant and air monitoring. EPA updated the remedy to replace in-place stabilization of waste and placement of a cover over the waste with placement of waste beneath lightweight caps on site and installation of stormwater management controls.
EPA’s Involvement at the Site
The site is located about three miles southwest of Bridge City in Orange County, Texas. The site was originally part of a tidal marsh near where the Neches River and Sabine Lake join together. About 7,600 people within three miles of the site use wells for drinking water.
Activity and Use Limitations
At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup.
For more background, see Institutional Controls.
State contact (TCEQ): Andy Bajwa, 713-422-8926, Andy.Bajwa@tceq.texas.gov
Sampling and Monitoring
During cleanup, a site can be divided into a number of distinct areas depending on its complexity. These areas, called operable units (OUs), may address geographic areas, specific problems, or areas where a specific action is required. Examples of typical operable units include construction of a groundwater pump and treatment system or construction of a cap over a landfill.