GRIGGS & WALNUT GROUND WATER PLUME
LAS CRUCES, NM
On this page:
- What Is Being Done to Clean Up the Site?
- What Is the Current Site Status?
- EPA’s Involvement at the Site
- Emergency Response and Removal
On related pages:
The Griggs & Walnut Ground Water Plume is centered near the intersection of Griggs Avenue and Walnut Street in the city of Las Cruces in Dona Ana County, New Mexico. The area of the plume is about 2,500 feet wide by 4,000 feet long. In 1993, the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) discovered tetrachloroethylene (PCE) contamination in the City of Las Cruces (CLC) municipal supply wells. Dissolved PCE was detected upgradient and downgradient of four affected municipal supply wells.
What Is Being Done to Clean Up the Site?
The site is being addressed through federal, state and potentially responsible party (PRP) actions.
What Is the Current Site Status?
The site’s long-term remedy, selected in 2007, included enhanced groundwater extraction with treatment (air stripping). Construction of the remedy began in September 2011 and finished in July 2012. Operation and maintenance (O&M) activities commenced following completion of construction and are ongoing.
EPA plans to conduct the first five-year review of the long-term remedy in 2016.
EPA’s Involvement at the Site
NMED first detected low concentrations of PCE in water samples from two CLC municipal water supply wells, Wells 21 and 27, in August 1993. The concentrations of PCE were well below the drinking water maximum contaminant level (MCL) of 5 micrograms/liter (μg/L) established for PCE by EPA. In January 1995, a water sample from a third municipal well, Well 18, while it was off-line following repairs, contained 32 μg/L of PCE. Concentrations of PCE in follow-up samples were less than 2.0 μg/L. Regular follow-up sampling of Well 18 continued. In January 1996, another sample from Well 18 contained 6.4 μg/L of PCE, but the concentrations of PCE in confirmation samples were 1.0 μg/L or less. Although the confirmation results indicated that PCE concentrations in water from Well 18 were below the MCL, Well 18 was permanently removed from service in September 1996 by the CLC as a precaution.
Emergency Response and Removal
Cleanup has also included removal actions, or short-term cleanups, to address immediate threats to human health and the environment. In June 2002, CLC began pumping two of its municipal wells to provide hydraulic control of the plume. Three of the four affected municipal supply wells were also taken out of service in various years.