Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

Superfund Site:

GALLUP'S QUARRY
PLAINFIELD, CT

Redevelopment

On this page:


About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

Top of Page


Redevelopment at the Site

The Gallup’s Quarry Superfund site is a 29-acre abandoned gravel pit in a rural area of Plainfield, Connecticut. Contamination at the site dates back to the 1970s when the site owner accepted chemical wastes without a permit. Disposal activities led to site-wide soil and groundwater contamination. After the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection removed waste drums and contaminated soil, EPA placed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. EPA’s cleanup plan includes long-term monitoring and land use restrictions. Soil and groundwater monitoring continue at the site. Today, a portion of the site is home to the Plainfield Renewable Energy biomass facility. The biomass plant became fully operational in January 2014. The 37.5 megawatt biomass power plant uses waste wood to generate enough electricity to power the equivalent of about 40,000 homes in Plainfield. Connecticut Light & Power purchases 80 percent of the generated energy under a 15-year agreement, while the remaining energy contributes to the regional renewable energy certificate market.

Top of Page


Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2016, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 3 people and generated an estimated $1,533,529 in annual sales revenue. View additional information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.

Top of Page


Activity and Use Limitations

At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.

Institutional controls are required for this site.
 
This site requires ICs because a decision document, such as a Record of Decision, has documented some level of contamination and/or remedy component at the site that would restrict use of the site. These ICs are required to help ensure the site is used in an appropriate way and that activities at the site do not damage the cleanup components. These ICs will remain in place for as long as the contamination and/or cleanup components stay on site. The matrix below is a general summary of the restrictions at this site at the date of this report. The information in this matrix is a general description of the restrictions at the site only. The site contacts should be consulted if there are questions on the ICs for this site. 
 
The following IC Instruments provide media-specific use restrictions that have been implemented by EPA for protecting human health, the environment and remedial engineering on this site. Instruments are documents used by EPA or other organizations to implement the use restrictions at a site. To know about other media-specific use restrictions that are planned but not implemented at this site, please contact the Regional Office using the Site Contact listed above. Note that where multiple entries occur, it will impact more than one pathway.
 
Click here for IC Instruments implemented for this site.

To contact EPA regarding Institutional Controls and/or activity and use limitations, please complete this form.

ICs are generally defined as administrative and legal tools that do not involve construction or physically changing the site. Common examples of ICs include site use and excavation restrictions put in place through State and local authorities like zoning, permits and easements. ICs are normally used when waste is left onsite and when there is a limit to the activities that can safely take place at the site (i.e., the site cannot support unlimited use and unrestricted exposure) and/or when cleanup components of the remedy remains onsite (e.g., landfill caps, pumping equipment or pipelines). Effective ICs help ensure that these sites can be returned to safe and beneficial use.
 
Disclaimer: This information is being provided by EPA as an informational tool to further assist the public in determining the types of restrictions that may be in place at National Priorities List sites being addressed by EPA under the Superfund program. In addition to the areas addressed by the institutional controls identified on this web site there may be other areas on the property that require restrictions on use of the property that are not captured in this EPA database. States and other entities may have implemented laws or restrictions applicable to this site. The information provided herein does not replace a title search or meet "All Appropriate Inquiry" requirements. U.S. EPA encourages users to review the Site files to obtain information regarding remedy components, containment systems and the land use for which cleanup standards were selected for these sites. More information and links can be found in the Institutional Control instrument collection of document, above, and the EPA regional offices may also be contacted.

Top of Page

<