Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

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About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

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Redevelopment at the Site

Beginning in the 1940s, metalworking and finishing shops operated at the Nutmeg Valley Road Superfund site. The site occupies about 28 acres in Wolcott, Connecticut. Two machine shops, with a known history of dumping chemicals on the ground, became the focus of attention when EPA identified contamination in private drinking water wells near the site. In 1989, EPA placed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL). In 1992, an emergency cleanup action addressed surface soil contamination and removed a potential source of groundwater contamination. After the cleanup action, groundwater studies found naturally decreasing contaminant levels and no evidence of a widespread contaminated groundwater plume. These findings, along with a state law and a local ordinance prohibiting groundwater use at the site, allowed EPA to determine that no further action was needed at the site. EPA took the site off the NPL in 2005. EPA issued a site reuse profile providing information on the site’s reuse status. Industrial and commercial use with some residential use along Wolcott Road continues at the site. In an effort to revitalize the area, the Town of Wolcott made infrastructure improvements to area roads and offered visual enhancement incentives. Local officials point to site improvements and the site’s removal from the NPL as factors that led to the construction of a $2 million state-of-the-art greenhouse next to the site. The Town of Wolcott expects these factors to improve consumer confidence and encourage additional commercial and industrial development of the site.

Site Reuse Profile, September 2005

Return to Use Initiative, 2006

Return to Use Initiative 2006 Demonstration Project, August 2010, (PDF) (2 pgs, 198 KB)

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Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2017, EPA had data on 10 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 38 people and generated an estimated $6,071,840 in annual sales revenue. View additional information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.

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Activity and Use Limitations

At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.

Institutional controls are required for this site.
This site requires ICs because a decision document, such as a Record of Decision, has documented some level of contamination and/or remedy component at the site that would restrict use of the site. These ICs are required to help ensure the site is used in an appropriate way and that activities at the site do not damage the cleanup components. These ICs will remain in place for as long as the contamination and/or cleanup components stay on site. The matrix below is a general summary of the restrictions at this site at the date of this report. The information in this matrix is a general description of the restrictions at the site only. The site contacts should be consulted if there are questions on the ICs for this site.
The following IC Instruments provide media-specific use restrictions that have been implemented by EPA for protecting human health, the environment and remedial engineering on this site. Instruments are documents used by EPA or other organizations to implement the use restrictions at a site. To know about other media-specific use restrictions that are planned but not implemented at this site, please contact the Regional Office using the Site Contact listed above. Note that where multiple entries occur, it will impact more than one pathway.
Click here for IC Instruments implemented for this site. 

ICs are generally defined as administrative and legal tools that do not involve construction or physically changing the site. Common examples of ICs include site use and excavation restrictions put in place through State and local authorities like zoning, permits and easements. ICs are normally used when waste is left onsite and when there is a limit to the activities that can safely take place at the site (i.e., the site cannot support unlimited use and unrestricted exposure) and/or when cleanup components of the remedy remains onsite (e.g., landfill caps, pumping equipment or pipelines). Effective ICs help ensure that these sites can be returned to safe and beneficial use.
Disclaimer: This information is being provided by EPA as an informational tool to further assist the public in determining the types of restrictions that may be in place at National Priorities List sites being addressed by EPA under the Superfund program. In addition to the areas addressed by the institutional controls identified on this web site there may be other areas on the property that require restrictions on use of the property that are not captured in this EPA database. States and other entities may have implemented laws or restrictions applicable to this site. The information provided herein does not replace a title search or meet "All Appropriate Inquiry" requirements. U.S. EPA encourages users to review the Site files to obtain information regarding remedy components, containment systems and the land use for which cleanup standards were selected for these sites. More information and links can be found in the Institutional Control instrument collection of document, above, and the EPA regional offices may also be contacted.

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