Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

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About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

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Redevelopment at the Site


Today, the habitable areas of the community around the Love Canal site contain more than 260 renovated homes, a 10-building senior-citizen apartment complex and other commercial venues. Some commercial and industrial redevelopment is slowly making its way into those vacant parcels which are zoned for commercial/industrial use.


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Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 5 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 49 people and generated an estimated $3,479,000 in annual sales revenue. View additional information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.

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Activity and Use Limitations

At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.

The NFBE and the City of Niagara Falls are the owners of the property within the containment and fenced area of the Site. Niagara Falls granted NYS a permanent easement on the Site property, providing NYS with exclusive use and occupancy of the Love Canal site property. NYS, pursuant to a 1994 Consent Decree, granted OXY exclusive use and occupancy of the Site property for the purpose of providing continued OM&M for the Love Canal site remedy. OXY will retain exclusive use and occupancy as long as the Consent Decree remains in effect. The NYSDEC performs regular oversight of the OXY’s OM&M activities and reports on these oversight activities to the EPA.

The vacant properties located in the EDA Areas 1 through 3 remain limited to commercial and/or industrial use only. The institutional controls are maintained by deed notices for these properties and the zoning restrictions on the areas in order to comply with the original Habitability Decision. The deeds also indicate that all identified use limitations shall run with the land and bind the current owner and any successors in perpetuity or until such time as NYSDEC shall determine that such institutional controls are no longer necessary for the protection of human health and the environment.

If any use other than what is specified above is considered for these properties, a minimum of six inches of surface soil must be removed and a minimum of six inches of new clean soil must be placed back on the property before any such use can be initiated. These properties are owned by various entities, including the City of Niagara Falls and other parties. Prior to any redevelopment in this area, the EPA and the NYSDEC will be notified about any proposed use. The properties located in EDA Areas 4 through 7 remain suitable for normal residential use without any restrictions.

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