Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

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About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

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Redevelopment at the Site

The Curtis Specialty Papers, Inc. Superfund site is located in a mixed-use area in the Borough of Milford and Alexandria Township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Surrounding land uses include residential, commercial/industrial, agricultural and recreational uses. The site is a former paper mill located along the Delaware River. The paper mill operated for about 90 years until 2003. The 86-acre paper mill area included buildings, a power plant and a wastewater treatment facility. As a result of poor waste handling and disposal, site soils and groundwater became contaminated. EPA added the site to the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 2009. EPA worked with two cooperative potentially responsible parties on several early response actions to start cleaning up the site. Cleanup activities includes removal of underground and aboveground storage tanks, disposal of drums containing chemicals, and demolition of several buildings. The parties also removed lead-based paint, asbestos and contaminated upland soil. A creek discharges into the Delaware River at the northern end of the site. Cleanup efforts involved removing contaminated sediments, stabilizing the bank, and restoring the creek with native vegetation. In addition to creek restoration, a former outdoor basin area now serves as revegetated, open habitat space. In 2003, the New Jersey State Historic Preservation Office determined that the site is eligible for the National Register of Historic Properties as the Curtis Paper Mill Historical District. As cleanup continues, EPA will continue to work with site stakeholders on safe reuse of the site while preserving the site’s historic significance.

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Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. View information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.

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Activity and Use Limitations

At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.

The 2015 Record of Decision requires institutional controls to limit exposure to the contaminated groundwater at the site. The responsible parties have established a Classification Exception Area/Well Restriction Area at the site.

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