C & D RECYCLING
FOSTER TOWNSHIP, PA
On this page:
- About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
- Redevelopment at the Site
- Economic Activity at the Site
- Activity and Use Limitations
About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.
Redevelopment at the Site
The 45-acre C & D Recycling Site is located in Foster Township, Pennsylvania. For 20 years, a metal-reclamation plant operated at the site. The plant incinerated lead and plastic-cased telephone cables or burned cables in pits to melt off the plastic and reclaim the remaining copper wire. Operations included stripping plastic coverings before incineration and storing the coverings in piles on site. Site investigations identified high concentrations of heavy metals in soil and sediment, both on site and off site. EPA placed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987. Cleanup included the removal, stabilization and off-site disposal of contaminated soil and sediment. Under EPA oversight, the Site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) demolished site infrastructure and removed remaining wastes and tons of cable casings from the site. The PRPs put erosion control measures in place and replanted the site. The PRPs completed cleanup at the site in 1999 and it was deleted from the NPL on February 26, 2018. A private party purchased the site and deeded the property as a nature conservancy trust for open space. Cleanup and restoration activities restored the site to its natural state.
Economic Activity at the Site
As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. View information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.
Activity and Use Limitations
At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.
The Site was cleaned up to standards that allow for ‘unrestricted use and unlimited exposure’ which means that there are no restrictions on reuse as a result of the Superfund cleanup. However, land use restrictions were voluntarily placed on the original 46-acre C&D Recycling property by the previous and current property owners, to prohibit residential or commercial redevelopment. This property was converted to a wildlife preserve in approximately 2006. The remaining properties that comprise the Site are undeveloped at the present time, but could be developed subject to local zoning ordinances. EPA is not aware of any future development plans for these properties.