Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

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About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

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Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. View information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.

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Activity and Use Limitations

At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.

Institutional controls for the Greenwood Chemical Co. Site were filed in the Albemarle County land records office on September 17, 2013. The list of updated land use restrictions include the following: 

  1. residential use;
  2. on-Site potable use of groundwater;
  3. any activity that would adversely impact the operation of the pump and treat system;
  4. any removal of the soil cover without written permission of the EPA and/or the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality;
  5. deep excavation without a site-specific health and safety plan. Any soil excavated from the Waste Management Areas would need to be sampled and managed in an appropriate manner; and
  6. any new habitable buildings constructed over or within 100 feet of the groundwater contaminated by volatile contaminants should include, at a minimum, a foundation vapor barrier and the subsurface piping for a sub-slab depressurization system.

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