Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

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About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

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Redevelopment at the Site

The U.S Titanium Superfund site is located on the north side of Piney River in Nelson County, Virginia. The site includes 50 acres of a 175-acre titanium dioxide manufacturing plant that operated from 1931 to 1971. By-products of titanium dioxide manufacturing and heavy metals contaminated soil, surface water and groundwater at the site. Six major fish kills occurred in the Piney and Tye Rivers between 1977 and 1981. Acidic groundwater seeps and acidic storm water runoff from on-site waste piles and ponds contributed to these fish kills. EPA added the site to the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983. Under EPA oversight, the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP) removed, treated and buried of contaminated soil in a containment cell. The PRP also treated acidic stream beds and adjacent soil and built a groundwater treatment plant on site. Cleanup also included earth work to reduce contamination resulting from rain water flowing over the site. After cleanup, a group of citizens in Amherst and Nelson Counties, worked together with the local governments to obtain Rails-to-Trails grant funding. They converted the former Blue Ridge Railroad right-of-way on site to a hiking path for public recreational use.

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Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2016, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. View information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.

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