YORK COUNTY, VA
On this page:
- About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
- Redevelopment at the Site
- Economic Activity at the Site
About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.
Redevelopment at the Site
The baseball and soccer fields of Chisman Creek and Wolf Trap Parks in York County, Virginia, demonstrate how a partnership between private and public sectors can lead to the successful cleanup and reuse of a Superfund site. EPA, York County, Virginia Power and the local community teamed up to create a 31-acre recreational complex at the site. From 1957 to 1974, Yorktown Power Generating Station used the abandoned sand and gravel pits at the site to dispose of fly ash, a byproduct from the burning of fossil fuels. Testing found heavy metal contamination in groundwater and nearby Chisman Creek. EPA added the site to the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983. Under EPA oversight, Virginia Power, the potentially responsible party (PRP), conducted cleanup activities. Cleanup included connecting nearby residents to the public water supply, placing a cap and a soil cover over two separate portions of the site, installing a ground water collection system, modifying surface water drainage pathways and monitoring surface water. The local community actively supported reuse of the site as a recreational complex. After completing cleanup, the PRP worked with EPA, the state, local officials and the community, to design and build two recreational parks at the site. Soccer and softball fields were built into the caps constructed during cleanup. The recreational complex opened in 1991 and supports several sports teams, ponds, private and commercial marinas, and a County Memorial Tree Grove. The site’s cleanup became part of a larger water quality improvement effort that led to the reopening of the Chisman Creek estuary for private and commercial fishing.
Economic Activity at the Site
As of December 2017, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. View information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.