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About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

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Redevelopment at the Site

The 140-acre Cabot/Koppers Superfund site is located in Gainesville, Florida. Since the early 1900s, two companies, Cabot Carbon Corporation and Koppers Co., Inc., operated pine tar, charcoal and wood-preserving facilities at the site. Facility operations and waste handling practices contaminated groundwater, soil, sediment and surface water. In 1984, EPA added the site to the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL).

The parties responsible for site contamination performed the site cleanup. Cleanup activities included removal and treatment of contaminated soil, groundwater treatment and removal of contaminated soil from homes. EPA, state and local government, responsible parties and local developers worked together to successfully clean up the site. This collaboration also led to beneficial reuse of the site.  Today, the Cabot Carbon part of the site is home to a shopping center, retail stores, commercial office space and many car dealerships.

The University of Florida School of Urban Planning is conducting an areawide reuse/redevelopment plan through the EPA College Underserved Community Partnership Program (CUPP) with public involvement from the Stephen Foster Neighborhood Association and the public there.  The reuse/redevelopment plan includes Beazer East, Beazer East developer-partner EQA Landmark Properties, Hamilton Park property owner, the City of Gainesville Zoning and Planning.  This plan is available now.  Dr. Ruth Steiner with the University of Florida Urban Planning and Design led this effort with Masters Degree students there.  For more information, please contact Dr. Steiner at

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Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2019, EPA had data on 20 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 225 people and generated an estimated $55,285,000 in annual sales revenue. View additional information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.

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Activity and Use Limitations

At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.


A fence surrounds the Koppers site to prevent direct access. Deed restrictions limit access to development and new groundwater wells.

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