MILAN ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT
On this page:
- About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
- Economic Activity at the Site
- Activity and Use Limitations
About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.
Economic Activity at the Site
As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. View information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.
Activity and Use Limitations
At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.
Land Use Controls (LUCs) are legal measures that limit human exposure by restricting activity, use, and access to properties with residual contamination. The Army has LUCs in place on MLAAP and on certain adjacent private properties to prevent access, use, and exposure to contaminated groundwater as part of the site-wide groundwater remedy. LUCs also include periodic inspections and reporting requirements. In addition, the City of Milan has city ordinances in place (city codes 18-122 and 18-309) to protect residences.
City Ordinance 18-122 details restrictions on the supply and resale of water. This ordinance restricts water supply within the city to water supplied by the City of Milan only, which also cannot be re-sold, or otherwise disposed of without written permission from the city. The ordinance does not include water for groundwater heat pump systems or other similar installations.
City Ordinance 18-309 details a restriction on water from a source other than public supply. Any water from a source other than the public supply which could be used for potable (drinkable) or domestic purposes, and which is not supplied by the city’s potable system, must be labeled in a visible/noticeable way as WATER UNSAFE FOR DRINKING, with black letters at least one-inch high on a red background.