CAPITOL CITY PLUME
On this page:
- About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
- Redevelopment at the Site
- Economic Activity at the Site
- Activity and Use Limitations
About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.
Redevelopment at the Site
The Capitol City Plume Superfund site is located in Montgomery, Alabama. The site includes a large area of soil and groundwater contamination near the City of Montgomery’s public water supply well field. EPA proposed the site for listing on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 2000. Primary site contaminants include chemicals commonly used in dry cleaning and machine part cleaning. The City is working closely with EPA to assess the groundwater contamination and develop a cleanup plan. Cleanup activities completed to date include removal of contaminated soil and groundwater monitoring. In 2010, the City planted 2 acres of poplar trees. These trees take up and break down contaminants from shallow groundwater. The City used EPA pilot funds to investigate reuse options and coordinate with EPA on the site’s future land use. The City is also in the process of integrating the site’s reuse plan with the City’s master plan for riverfront development. Riverfront redevelopment has already helped transform a mismatched assortment of commercial and open space uses into the downtown’s new Riverfront Amphitheater and Conference Complex. Downtown Montgomery remains open for business during the site’s groundwater cleanup. Land uses include retail districts, neighborhoods, parks, offices and industrial areas. The revitalization of Montgomery’s downtown is a major community priority. Referred to as the “heart of the city,” recent Montgomery redevelopment projects include the Montgomery Biscuits minor league baseball stadium, retail centers, downtown apartments and restaurants. Much of the site area above ground remains in continued use.
Economic Activity at the Site
As of December 2018, EPA had data on 26 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 307 people and generated an estimated $31,412,857 in annual sales revenue. View additional information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.
Activity and Use Limitations
At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.
EPA uses institutional controls to reduce exposure to contamination by restricting access to contaminated areas. Institutional controls can also guide human behavior through legal mechanisms such as deed restrictions and public health warning signs.