Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

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About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

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Redevelopment at the Site

EPA worked with the City of Kokomo on reuse plans for the Markland Quarry and the Acid Lagoon Area. The city is using the quarry as a stormwater retention/detention basin. The city and the Kokomo Soccer Club will use the Acid Lagoon Area for soccer practices and games, as well as regional tournaments and camps. EPA used clean fill from the nearby Howard County Kitty Run Stormwater Project for the quarry, helping the locality move forward with the stormwater project. It reduced overall project costs.

The construction of a $10 million solar farm/park at the Main Plant is set to begin in the fall 2015 and will be completed in the spring 2016.  Around 21,000 solar panels will be installed that will produce 6.5 megawatts of energy.  In total, the solar park will produce around 9,500 megawatts a year.  The solar park will revitalize a section of the Site that has been vacant for decades.

From 1914 to 1986, the 183-acre Continental Steel Superfund site was an active steel manufacturing facility that made metal products. The plant’s steel manufacturing operations included handling, storage and disposal of hazardous materials. In 1986, Continental Steel went bankrupt. The company left the property in Kokomo, Indiana, contaminated with chemicals including solvents and lead. In 1989, EPA added the site to the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL). As cleanup began, EPA, the State, the community and local developers started working to return portions of the site to productive use. Shortly after cleanup began, a local florist began using an on-site warehouse. A construction company purchased a portion of the property to store construction equipment. EPA also worked with the community to evaluate reuse opportunities in 2001. Part of the cleanup effort allowed the City of Kokomo to move forward with a stormwater project, which uses the on-site quarry as a stormwater retention/detention basin. The City worked with Howard County to obtain and relocate fill material from an area that had poor drainage, thereby saving the City and County thousands of dollars. In 2009, the site received American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) funding to support cleanup actions related to the groundwater and slag processing area. These funds accelerated cleanup efforts. The groundwater extraction system began operating in 2011. Three on-site wind turbines produce enough energy to offset at least half of the energy needed for continued groundwater treatment. The City of Kokomo also operates a wastewater treatment plant on site. Reuse efforts at the site continue. In 2006, representatives from Indiana’s Department of Environmental Management and EPA met with Congressman Chocola and the Mayor of Kokomo to announce a $1 million redevelopment grant. The Community-based Redevelopment Plan presented at this event called for retail space, as well as recreational areas with sports fields and facilities. The City has begun construction of a soccer field complex at the former Acid Lagoon Area and will continue working to develop the recreational fields.

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Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2018, economic data were not publicly available for this site.

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Activity and Use Limitations

At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and metals associated with site activities were found (groundwater, soil, sludges and sediments) at the site.

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