Superfund Information Systems: Site Profile

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About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

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Redevelopment at the Site

The 72-acre Kentwood Landfill Superfund site is located in Kentwood, Michigan. Landfill operations from the 1950s to 1976 led to soil and groundwater contamination. EPA listed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List in 1983. The City of Kentwood and Kent County worked with EPA to collect and treat groundwater, install a passive gas ventilation system, maintain the landfill cap and enforce groundwater use restrictions. Cleanup reached completion in 1995. The local governments also worked with EPA to identify future uses for the site that would be compatible with the remedy. The City of Kentwood developed plans for a new public library. In August 2010, Kent District Library opened a 46,000-square-foot, two-story facility on site. The Kentwood Branch Library is named after Richard L. Root, former mayor of Kentwood. In 2012, the City of Kentwood worked with EPA to update land use restrictions and agreements to allow for on-site storage of inert materials that do not disturb the landfill cover. Kent County will ensure safe use of the library and other nearby buildings by installing an active gas ventilation system to ensure that landfill gas does not migrate.

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Economic Activity at the Site

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 4 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 28 people and generated an estimated $583,000 in annual sales revenue. View additional information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.

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Activity and Use Limitations

At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.

Benzene, chloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethene, 1,2-dichloroethene, 1,2-dichloropropane, tetrachloroethene, trichloroethene, vinyl chloride, aluminum, antimony, arsenic, chromium, lead, nickel.

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