On this page:
- About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
- Economic Activity at the Site
- Activity and Use Limitations
About the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
This nationally coordinated effort provides EPA and its partners with a process to return Superfund sites to productive use. Learn more at Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.
Economic Activity at the Site
As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. View information about redevelopment economics at Superfund sites.
Activity and Use Limitations
At this site, activity and use limitations that EPA calls institutional controls are in place. Institutional controls play an important role in site remedies because they reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. For instance, zoning restrictions prevent land uses – such as residential uses – that are not consistent with the level of cleanup. For more background, see Institutional Controls.
EPA uses institutional controls (ICs) at this site. Institutional controls are non-engineering actions, such as administrative or legal controls, that play an important role in site remedies. ICs can reduce exposure to contamination by limiting land or resource use. They also guide human behavior. Some examples include: zoning restrictions or environmental covenants to prevent inappropriate land uses, such as residential uses, or uncontrolled construction that are not consistent with the level of cleanup.
At the Casmalia Resources site, land and water use restrictive covenants, which run with the land, have been recorded for the former facility property and several adjacent properties to control land use and limit access. These ICs help notify people about the Superfund site and prevent exposures to waste materials.