Superfund Site: DURHAM MEADOWS

Superfund Site Profile

Five Year Review reports


Institutional controls are required for this site.
This site requires ICs because a decision document, such as a Record of Decision, has documented some level of contamination and/or remedy component at the site that would restrict use of the site. These ICs are required to help ensure the site is used in an appropriate way and that activities at the site do not damage the cleanup components. These ICs will remain in place for as long as the contamination and/or cleanup components stay on site. The site contacts should be consulted if there are questions on the ICs for this site.

More information about institutional controls at this site.


The Durham Meadows site is located in the Town of Durham, Middlesex County, Connecticut and includes an area of groundwater contamination generally centered on Main Street.  The Site includes historic Main Street in Durham center and contains industrial and residential properties.  It is generally bounded by Talcott Lane to the north; Brick Lane, Ball Brook and Allyn Brook to the East; wetlands west of Maple Avenue to the west; and, based on recent sampling, the intersections of Maple Avenue and Fowler Avenue with Main Street to the south.  The Site is centered around DMC, a currently operating manufacturing facility located at 201 Main Street, and the former location of MMC at 281 Main Street.  DMC was established in 1922 at 201 and 203R Main Street in Durham, Connecticut.  Three main buildings, including an office building and two manufacturing buildings, are currently located on the property.  MMC was established in 1851 at the 281 Main Street location in Durham, Connecticut, and operated at that location until March 1998, when the bulk of the factory was destroyed by fire, leaving only a small warehouse building towards the rear of the property.  The MMC Study Area includes all areas where contamination from MMC has come to be located, including the MMC facility properties at 281 Main Street (the "MMC Parcels") and the abutting residential parcel at 275 Main Street.  See Figure B-1 in Appendix B for the general locations of the MMC Study Area, DMC Study Area, and Site-Wide Groundwater Study Area.

Both companies manufactured metal cabinets, boxes and other items.During their respective operating histories, both companies used various solvents, including trichloroethene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, and methylene chloride.  The companies' past disposal of wastewater in lagoons or sludge drying beds, spills at both facilities, and inadequate drum storage practices at MMC, among other things, contributed to the contamination at each facility and in the overall area of groundwater surrounding both facilities.  Contamination from volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has been detected in soil and groundwater on both industrial properties, as well as in residential drinking water wells surrounding the former MMC facility and DMC facility.