Superfund Site Profile

Institutional controls are required for this site. 

This site requires ICs because a decision document, such as a Record of Decision, has documented some level of contamination and/or remedy component at the site that would restrict use of the site. These ICs are required to help ensure the site is used in an appropriate way and that activities at the site do not damage the cleanup components. These ICs will remain in place for as long as the contamination and/or cleanup components stay on site. The matrix below is a general summary of the restrictions at this site at the date of this report. The information in this matrix is a general description of the restrictions at the site only. The site contacts should be consulted if there are questions on the ICs for this site.

The following IC Instruments provide media-specific use restrictions that have been implemented by EPA for protecting human health, the environment and remedial engineering on this site. Instruments are documents used by EPA or other organizations to implement the use restrictions at a site. To know about other media-specific use restrictions that are planned but not implemented at this site, please contact the Regional Office using the Site Contact listed above. Note that where multiple entries occur, it will impact more than one pathway.

Click here for IC Instruments implemented for this site.

ICs are generally defined as administrative and legal tools that do not involve construction or physically changing the site. Common examples of ICs include site use and excavation restrictions put in place through State and local authorities like zoning, permits and easements. ICs are normally used when waste is left onsite and when there is a limit to the activities that can safely take place at the site (i.e., the site cannot support unlimited use and unrestricted exposure) and/or when cleanup components of the remedy remains onsite (e.g., landfill caps, pumping equipment or pipelines). Effective ICs help ensure that these sites can be returned to safe and beneficial use.

Disclaimer: This information is being provided by EPA as an informational tool to further assist the public in determining the types of restrictions that may be in place at National Priorities List sites being addressed by EPA under the Superfund program. In addition to the areas addressed by the institutional controls identified on this web site there may be other areas on the property that require restrictions on use of the property that are not captured in this EPA database. States and other entities may have implemented laws or restrictions applicable to this site. The information provided herein does not replace a title search or meet "All Appropriate Inquiry" requirements. U.S. EPA encourages users to review the Site files to obtain information regarding remedy components, containment systems and the land use for which cleanup standards were selected for these sites. More information and links can be found on the site profile page, in the Institutional Control instruments collection of document, above, and the EPA regional offices may also be contacted.


The Bennington Landfill Superfund Site (Site), located off Houghton Lane in Bennington, VT is a 15-acre municipal sanitary landfill. The Site was placed on EPA's National Priority List (NPL) on March 31,1989. The areas to the north and east of the Site are former borrow pits. The area directly east of the Site is wetland/woodland. The other areas surrounding the Site are residential. The Site is bordered by wetlands serving as headwaters for Hewitt Brook to the east, a residential area to the south, and U.S. Route 7 to the west. The Town of Bennington (Town) purchased the Site in 1985. Several Bennington industries dumped liquid wastes into an unlined lagoon on the Site from 1969 to 1975. Town records indicate that polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), volatile organic compounds (VOCs) (i.e. solvents), and lead were disposed of at the Site. The lagoon was closed in 1975 after attempts by workers failed to dry it up by landfilling it. An underground drainage system built in 1976 was designed to lower the groundwater level below the landfill waste. The system discharged through a culvert into an unlined, ponded area. In 1986, the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation (VT DEC) detected contaminants in the groundwater discharging from the culvert into the ponded area. Approximately 2,200 residents located within 3 miles of the Site use private wells. The area surrounding the Site is mainly rural residential. Morgan Spring, a bedrock water source located 3 miles south of the landfill, is used regularly to supplement the Bennington water system.