Superfund Site: BUTZ LANDFILL

Superfund Site Profile


The 13-acre Butz Landfill Superfund Site in Jackson Township, Monroe County, PA, consists of a former, unpermitted 8.5-acre municipal dump that operated from 1965 to 1973. Former dumping operations contaminated groundwater with solvents, including various volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as trichloroethylene (TCE).

The Butz Landfill Site, also known to some as the North Road Site, is located south of Camelback Mountain, along North Road.  The initial Site-area, when taking the contaminated groundwater plume into account, covered approximately 1.5 square miles and extended northeast into Pocono Township, PA. 

The first local citizen complaints about the landfill are documented as early as 1971.

In 1973, The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources (PADER, which is now Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection or PADEP) ordered the landfill closed due to improper operations.

In 1984 and 1986, PADER conducted field examinations of the landfill and surrounding areas.  The results showed elevated levels of TCE in domestic wells located south of the landfill, which prompted a request from PADER to EPA Region III that the Site be considered for emergency response action.

In 1986, the state requested EPA’s assistance in defining and resolving the Site’s contamination problem.

EPA conducted an initial, emergency removal action (short-term cleanup) to address immediate threats to human health and the environment by providing residents with bottled water.  EPA constructed a municipal water supply system to provide an alternative drinking water supply to impacted residences who had been using private wells.

Note:  That water system was turned over by EPA to the Pocono / Jackson Joint Water Authority (PJJWA) in early 1995.

In 1991 ordinances were adopted in both Jackson and Pocono Townships that require the Pocono / Jackson Joint Water Authority (PJJWA) water system to be the exclusive source of potable water in the portion of their townships affected by the Site until the groundwater cleanup goals have been met. 

EPA conducted a remedial action (long-term cleanup) to address the contaminated groundwater plume, to help eliminate future, potential exposure to contaminated groundwater.

Since October 2011, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) has been operating that groundwater treatment system.